SubjectsSubjects(version: 947)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Spectroscopic and Microscopic Characterization of Materials - AM107017
Title: Spectroscopic and Microscopic Characterization of Materials
Guaranteed by: Department of Glass and Ceramics (107)
Faculty: Faculty of Chemical Technology
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:5
E-Credits: summer s.:5
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Gedeon Ondrej prof. RNDr. Ph.D., DSc.
Annotation -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (14.01.2018)
The course introduces the basic microscopic and spectroscopic methods used for materials characterization. The course covers energy levels of atoms, molecule, and solid, physical principles of methods and their relation to instruments and sample preparations.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (14.01.2018)

Student will be able to

Describe energy levels of atom and solid

Propose a suitable microscopic or spectroscopic method for extracting a specific information of a material

Suggest proper analytical conditions, i.e. detector, analyser, primary source, sample preparation

Literature -
Last update: Gedeon Ondrej prof. RNDr. Ph.D., DSc. (20.02.2018)

Z: A. Beiser, Concepts of Modern Physics, The MCGraww Hill, 2003, ISBN 0-07-244848-2

Z: Y. Leng, Materials characterization, Wiley, 2008,ISBN 978-0-470-82298-2

R: R.F. Egerton, Physical principles of electron microscopy, Springer, 2006, ISBN-13: 978-0387-25800-0

R: L. Reimer, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Springer, 1998, ISBN 3-540-63974-4

R: E. de Hoffmann, V. Stroobant, Mass Spectrometry, Wiley, 2007, ISBN 978-0-470-03311-1

Syllabus -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (14.01.2018)

1. Spectrum and its origin, spectroscopic and microscopic methods, cross section, properties of particles and radiation.

2. Elastic and inelastic cross section, Compton scattering, photoelectric effect.

3. Quantum mechanics of atom, hydrogen atom, electron-electron and spin-orbital interaction, splitting of spectral lines.

4. Electron energy levels, atom terms, selection rules, energy bands in solid, Bloch function, quantum tunnelling.

5. Transmission electron microscopy, contrast, bright-field a dark-field observation, sample preparations.

6. Scanning electron microscopy, contrast, backscattered and secondary electrons, sample preparations.

7. Electron microprobe analysis, EDS and WDS configuration, principle of method, qualitative and quantitative analysis, correction methods, mapping.

X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy.

8. Formation, structure, and properties of the surface. Photoelectron spectroscopy, principle of the method, satellite lines, angle-resolved

spectroscopy, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. Auger spectroscopy, Auger microscopy.

9. Secondary Ion Mass spectrometry for solid, ion scattering, kinematic factor, sputtering yield, ionization probability, depth profiling, SNMS

10. Other ion methods, channelling, proton induced X-ray emission spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, low energy ion spectroscopy.

11. Probe microscopies and their principles. Scanning tunnelling microscopy, atomic force microscopy, near-field optical microscopies.

12. Diffraction methods, diffraction of photons, electrons and neutrons. Structural factor. LEED and EBSD, neutron diffraction, X-ray diffraction,

powder diffraction.

13. Vacuum and vacuum instruments. Vacuum measuring and pumps. Particle sources for photons, electrons, ions, and neutrons.

14. Detectors and analysers. Ionization chamber, crystal spectrometer, energy dispersive detector, scintillator, hemispherical analyser, quadrupole

mass analyser, time-of-flight analyser, other detectors and analysers.

Course completion requirements
Last update: Gedeon Ondrej prof. RNDr. Ph.D., DSc. (28.02.2018)

Precondition for the oral part is 50% in the written part.

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1.5 42
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 3.5 98
5 / 5 140 / 140