SubjectsSubjects(version: 949)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
  
Fundamentals of Medicinal Chemistry - AM110022
Title: Fundamentals of Medicinal Chemistry
Guaranteed by: Department of Organic Chemistry (110)
Faculty: Faculty of Chemical Technology
Actual: from 2023
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Janeba Zlatko Ing. Ph.D.
Ménová Petra Ing. Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Cibulková Jana Ing. (03.12.2023)
The course "Medicinal chemistry" deals with drug discovery, design and development. Attention is paid to the description of the mechanism of action of drugs, to interactions of drugs with their molecular targets (e.g. enzymes, receptors and nucleic acids), and to the study of physico-chemical properties of compounds. The relationship between biological properties (activity) of the compounds and their chemical structure (structure–activity relationships (SARs)) is discussed as well. An introduction to pharmacology is also an essential part of the course: pharmacodynamics (what the drug does to the body) and pharmacokinetics (what the body does to the drug, ADMET – absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity). Common classes of drugs are covered during the course (e.g. antibiotics, antivirals, anticancer agents, analgecis, etc.).
Aim of the course -
Last update: Cibulková Jana Ing. (03.12.2023)

Students will learn what medicinal chemistry is and what drugs and their molecular targets (enzymes, receptors, etc.) are. They will understand the principles of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. They will learn about key drug classes, such as antibiotics, antivirals, anticancer agents, analgesics, and anti-inflammatory agents. They will know how the structures of a potential drugs are designed and optimized, how the biological properties of compounds can be improved, and they will understand the process of preclinical development.

Literature -
Last update: Ménová Petra Ing. Ph.D. (19.12.2023)

R: Graham L. Patrick: An introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, 6th edition, Oxford University Press, 2017. 978-0-19-874969-1

or Graham L. Patrick: An introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, 5th edition, Oxford University Press, 2013. 978–0–19–969739–7

R: PDF presentations

Syllabus -
Last update: Ménová Petra Ing. Ph.D. (19.12.2023)

1. Introduction to medicinal chemistry. Definition of basic terms, drug, therapeutic index, intermolecular binding forces, drugs classification.

2. Drugs and their molecular targets. Structure and function of proteins, enzymes, receptors, and nucleic acids. Inhibitors, agonists, and antagonists.

3. Pharmacology, ADMET, pharmacokinetics, Lipinski’s rule of 5, drug metabolism, drug administration.

4. Drug discovery, design, and development. Sources of lead compounds, evaluation of activity, SAR studies. Preclinical and clinical studies.

5. Drug delivery and bioavailability. Prodrugs and formulations.

6. Antibacterial agents. Mechanisms of action, examples of drugs, drug resistence.

7. Virus and antiviral agents. Structure and classification of viruses. Influenza virus, HIV, HCV. Antivirals - classes and development.

8. Anticancer agents. Cancer. Mechanisms of action, examples of drugs, modern approaches in cancer treatment.

9. Cholinergic and adrenergic nervous systém. Receptors (nicotinic and muscarinic) and neurotransmitters. Acetylcholinesterase, organophosphates.

10. Pain relievers. Non-opioid analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (mechanism of action, structural classes of compounds). Opioid analgesics (mechanism of action, SAR studies).

11. Anti-ulcer agents. Helicobacter pylori, histamine and histamine receptors, antihistamines. Proton pump inhibitors.

12. Antimetabolites of nucleic acids components. Analogues of nucleosides and nucleotides with biological properties. Acyclic nucleoside phosphonates.

13. Selected case studies from medicinal chemistry (I).

14. Selected case studies from medicinal chemistry (II).

Entry requirements -
Last update: Cibulková Jana Ing. (03.12.2023)

None

Registration requirements -
Last update: Cibulková Jana Ing. (03.12.2023)

None

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Cibulková Jana Ing. (03.12.2023)

Presentation on a given topic

Final written test

Oral exam

 
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