SubjectsSubjects(version: 953)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Principles of Food Preservation - AM324005
Title: Principles of Food Preservation
Guaranteed by: Department of Food Preservation (324)
Faculty: Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:4
E-Credits: summer s.:4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Čížková Helena doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Interchangeability : M324005
Is interchangeable with: M324005
This subject contains the following additional online materials
The course focuses on the methods of food preservation. The basic principles and applications are described for each method; the changes that can be expected during individual preservation steps and subsequent storage of the product are explained. Attention is also paid to importance and function of packing, hurdle theory and to the practice in the production of minimally-processed foods.
Last update: Čížková Helena (18.05.2018)
Aim of the course

Students will be able to:

Describe the changes which occur during production and storage of food.

Propose the preservation method for particular food product.

Calculate the effectiveness of the preservation procedure and design its optimization.

Estimate the shelf-life of food product.

Last update: Kubová Petra (16.05.2018)

R: Tucker G.S., Food Biodeterioration and Preservation, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008, ISBN 9781405154178.

A: Fellows P.J., Food Processing Technology, Principles and Practice, Woodhead Publishing, 2016, ISBN 9780081019078

A: Rahman S., Handbook of Food Preservation, 2010, Woodhead Publishing, ISBN 9781574446067

Last update: Čížková Helena (18.05.2018)

1. History of food processing and preservation. Mechanism of food spoilage. Unwanted changes in food and food raw materials and possibilities of their prediction and inhibition.

2. Microbiological changes of food. Pathogenic and spoilage microflora. Ecology of microorganisms. Food safety.

3. Physiological, enzymatic, chemical and physical deteriorative changes in food. Practical examples of reactions and defects in food and their prevention.

4. Importance and function of food packaging, basic packaging materials and their properties and application

5. Principles of abiotic and anabiotic methods of food preservation. HACCP. Sanitation. Elimination of microorganisms from the food production environment (bactofugation, filtration).

6. Selected physical methods of preservation –high hydrostatic pressure, irradiation, ohmic, microwave and infrared heating of food (principle, equipment, practical use).

7. Thermoinactivation. Factors influencing thermoinactivation of microorganisms. Ways of heat transfer and thermosterilization. Construction of thermal destruction curves. Calculation and evaluation of the lethal ratio of heating.

8. Osmoanabiosis. Reducing water activity in food by drying, concentration, salting, sugaring and and freezing. Description of the drying phases.

9. Refrigeration and chilled storage of food. Storage in a controlled and modified atmosphere. Freezing and storage of frozen food. Changes during freezing and storage, temperature monitoring, prediction of shelf life.

10. Chemical preservation. Properties of selected chemical preservatives, smoking, alcoholisation, acidification and phytoncides. Principles of action. Technological and health aspects.

11. Biological methods of preservation (cenoanabiosis, biopreservation). Bacteriocins. Ethanol, lactic acid, and acetic acid fermentation. Microbial proteolysis.

12. Protection of food by packaging, interactions between packaging and food, principles of active packaging.

13. Protective function of packaging against moisture, oxidative-reduction and temperature changes.

14. Hurdle theory, minimally processed food. Practical examples of food products, design of a possible preservation method, definition of factors influencing expected undesirable changes and prediction of their shelf life.

Last update: Kubová Petra (16.05.2018)
Registration requirements

AB320001 Biochemistry I

AB320007 Microbiology

AB321001 Food Technology

Or adequate knowledge at the bachelor's degree level:



Food technology

Last update: Čížková Helena (13.03.2023)
Course completion requirements

Successful completion of a written examination

Last update: Čížková Helena (18.05.2018)