SubjectsSubjects(version: 883)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Theoretical Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry - AM402007
Title: Theoretical Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry
Guaranteed by: Department of Analytical Chemistry (402)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Guarantor: Záruba Kamil doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)
Theoretical fundamentals of the use of chemical reactions for chemical analysis are extended especially with respect to the existence of systematic bias of analytical results. The first part is focused on the correct expression of measurement results. The second part is devoted to chemical equilibria in analytical chemistry (protolytic, complexation, precipitation and redox systems) that affect analyte behaviour in the aqueous environment with emphasize on graphical modeling of equilibrium composition. The last part is devoted to nonlinear regression and various tools for experimental data processing with the aim of equilibrium constants determination in aqueous solutions. In exercises, the students solve individually practical problems using simple algorithms.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

Students will be able to

Characterize protolytic, complexometric, precipitation and redox equilibria and their inffluence on an analytical determination in aqueous environment;

Construct and interprete distribution diagrams and predominance array diagrams;

Process measured data with nonlinear regression.

Literature -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

A: Ionic Equilibrium: Solubility and pH Calculations James N. Butler Wiley, 1998

Learning resources -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

Excel sheets prepared and solved in seminars

Teaching methods -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

Lectures and seminars.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

The students solve five tasks during the semester and they write final test.

Syllabus -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

1. Terminology of analytical chemistry and measurement

2. Thermodynamics of protolytic equilibria, pH calculation

3. titration curves, estimation of titration error of acidobasic titration

4. Calculation tools for solving of analytical chemistry problems - examples of solutions using EXCEL and MALPE software

5. Thermodynamic of precipitation equilibria

6. Precipitation equilibria, the common ion effect, DOPE

7. Thermodynamic of complex equilibria

8. COGS algorithm

9. Effect of complex equilibria on precipitation, DOPE

10. Thermodynamics of redox equilibria

11. Equilibria in binary systems, kinetic methods of analysis

12. Nonlinear regression

13. Determination of thermodynamic constants (aqueous solutions)

14. Exam test

Entry requirements -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (25.07.2019)

Analytical Chemistry I.