SubjectsSubjects(version: 955)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
Optical and electrical properties of glass and ceramics - M107016
Title: Optické a elektrické vlastnosti skla a keramiky
Guaranteed by: Department of Glass and Ceramics (107)
Faculty: Faculty of Chemical Technology
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:5
E-Credits: summer s.:5
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl.-Min.
Examination dates   Schedule   
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
This subject provides an overview on optical and electrical properties of glasses and ceramic materials based on the classical theory of electromagnetism, i.e. the Maxwell equations, including the Mie theory of scattering, which is the basis for modeling the transmittance of transparent heterogeneous materials and at the same time the key to understanding modern instrumentál applications such as laser diffraction for the characterization of particles. The relation between electrical and optical properties is explained in single crystals, polycrystalline materials and glasses, including electro-optical properties. The presentation takes into account the tensorial and complex character as well as the frequency dependence of the of the respective quantities and also includes nonlinear phenomena and the calculation of effective electrical properties of heterogeneous materials in the long-wavelength approximation. Part of the subject concerns the quantum theory of lasers. Within this subject the student gets acquainted with the preparation of materials with controlled optical and electro-optical properties, with their properties in dependence of the composition and microstructure, including the measurement of these properties, and with challenging modern applications (transparent impact-resistant windows, photonic crystals and metamaterials, solid state lasers and electro-optical devices).
Last update: Pabst Willi (17.01.2018)
Aim of the course -

The students will be able to:

Understand and explain the relation between electrical and optical properties, calculate the effective electrical properties of heterogeneous materials, calculate the (in-line) transmittance of homogeneous materials from the complex refractive index and of heterogeneous materials according to Mie scattering theory and its approxmations (Fraunhofer, Rayleigh), explain the preparation of transparent ceramics and optical glasses, the priciples of lasers and electro-optical materials and modern applications in the fields of optics and electro-optics.

Last update: Pabst Willi (17.01.2018)
Literature -

B – Kingery W. D., Bowen H. K., Uhlmann D. R.: Introduction to Ceramics. Second edition. Wiley-Interscience, New York 1976. (ISBN 0-471-47860-1).

B – Hench L. L, Dov, D. B.: Physics of electronic ceramics. Dekker, New York 1971 (Part A), 1972 (Part B) (ISBN 978-0824713140 a 978-0824713034).

B – Bohren C. F., Huffmann D. R.: Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2004. (ISBN-13: 978-0-471-29340-8, ISBN-10: 0-471-29340-7).

C – Ikesue A., Aung Y. L., Lupei V.: Ceramic Lasers. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013. (ISBN 978-0-521-11408-0).

C – Pabst W., Hostaša J., Esposito L.: Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34 (11), 2745-2756 (2014).

Last update: Pabst Willi (19.10.2022)
Syllabus -

1. Introduction: History of optics and electromagnetism, classification of electrical and optical properties of materials, with special focus to crystals

2. Maxwell equations: Classical electromagnetic theory of light and connection between dielectric function and refractive index

3. Crystal optics: Dielectric tensor, indicatrix, birefringence in optically uniaxial and biaxial crystals, absorption and pleochroism

4. Electrical and electro-optical properties of single crystals and polycrystalline materials: Properties of single-phase and multiphase materials (composites) and porous materials, nonlinear effects

5. Complex dielectric constant and complex refractive index: Frequency dependence for different materials, photonic crystals, optical metamaterials

6. Classical theory of scattering and its application: Mie theory and its approximations (Rayleigh, Fraunhofer), influence of inclusions (and grain size) on the transmittance of ceramics

7. Preparation and application of transparent and translucent ceramics

8. Dielectric and optical properties of glass in dependence of composition

9. Electro-optical properties of glass and ceramics

10. Application and use of electro-optical properties of glass and ceramics

11. Quantum theory of lasers

12. Solid-state lasers

13. Preparation of optical and electro-optical glasses

14. Measurement of optical and electro-optical properties

Last update: Pabst Willi (15.02.2018)
Course completion requirements -

In order to complete the subject the student has to pass a written classification test and an oral exam.

Last update: Pabst Willi (15.02.2018)
Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1.5 42
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 1.5 42
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
5 / 5 140 / 140
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Regular attendance 30
Examination test 30
Oral examination 40