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Course, academic year 2023/2024

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Raw materials safety - M241001
Title: Surovinová bezpečnost
Guaranteed by: Department of Sustainability and Product Ecology (241)
Faculty: Faculty of Environmental Technology
Actual: from 2023 to 2023
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: Kavina Pavel Mgr. Ph.D.
Annotation -
After 2020, various causes of shortages of some basic raw materials and resources began to emerge. Some of them, such as the lack of water and subsequently food, had their origins in the world's climate change, others were caused by disruption of transport infrastructure, speculative purchases, lack of long-term vision or investment difficulties. For the first time since the post-war period, the world has realized that water, energy, food and materials are the foundation of every civilization and that national security includes (1) the physical provision of these resources and resources, (2) maintaining social peace, and (3) environmentally friendly, low-emission relationship. The aim of the course is to present the world as an ecosystem in which the stability of civilization depends primarily on the proper management of material and energy flows, which can only be achieved through cumulative savings and measures that start in the real, physical, "engineering" world but are combined with psychological factors. cultural and social spheres. The student will gain an overview of the current state of raw material use and current trends in resource use. Furthermore, the student will be introduced to possible scenarios for the development of the availability of raw materials and resources. Within the course, the student will search for relationships in the field of management of the selected resource and propose measures to ensure its availability in the future. A necessary condition for the credit will be the presentation of the research findings.
Last update: Kavina Pavel (02.05.2024)
Literature - Czech

Voda a krajina, Věk nerovnováhy, Ruka noci podaná, další literatura bude doporučena během přednášek od dalších autorů (např. V. Smil, J. Hansen a další)

Last update: Kavina Pavel (02.05.2024)
Syllabus -

1. Global development and paths to national resilience - concept development, ecosystem, climate, social resilience, backup.

2. Climate scenarios, trends and possible risks.

3. Energy and the transition of civilization - the concept of energy slaves, the Jevons paradox, the Khazzoom-Brokes theorem, EROEI - energy return, developments in oil reserves (Light Tight Oil, common and shale gas, methane hydrates, current trends).

4. When institutions fail - principles of personal, family and community preparedness, types of crises, family preparedness, psychological habits, important things and tools.

5. Soil and life of civilizations - primary productivity as a basic factor of collapse of pre-modern civilizations, brief history of agriculture and pedology (nutrients, limit elements), food situation of ancient Rome, current state, Haber-Bosch reaction, history of fertilization, trends and prospects, erosion, degradation and remedies.

6. Biosphere and renewable resources - biomass, wood - how much we have and what we can do with it, the future of the forest, biogeochemical cycles, carbon pump, microbial cradles, environmental nitrification, mycorrhizal relations.

7. Water and landscape - small and large water circulation, planetary boundary layer, jet flow, omega block, drying rivers, potential evapotranspiration (550 mm) versus average precipitation (650 mm), water retention techniques in the landscape from prehistory to the present, three segments with different retention strategies: slopes, soil and river landscape.

8. Global economy and list of critical raw materials of the EU, commodity market.

9. Distribution of raw materials, overview of raw material consumption in the Czech Republic - information sources and strategies.

10. Raw materials policy of the Czech Republic, regional policy of secondary raw materials.

11. Ore raw materials, non-metallic raw materials.

12. Building materials.

13. Plastics and rubbers.

14. Crisis management of resources.

Last update: Kavina Pavel (02.05.2024)
Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Obhajoba individuálního projektu 1 28
Účast na přednáškách 2 56
Práce na individuálním projektu 1 28
4 / 4 112 / 112