SubjectsSubjects(version: 887)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
  
Supramolecular Chemistry - M402049
Title: Supramolekulární chemie
Guaranteed by: Department of Analytical Chemistry (402)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:3
E-Credits: winter s.:3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Additional information: http://www.vscht.cz/anl/dolensky/supramol/index.html
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Dolenský Bohumil doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)
The course focuses on understanding the principles of intermolecular interactions and their consequences. The course focuses on the principles of molecular recognition, and analytical tools for its studying.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

Students will be able to:

Recognize the different types of intermolecular interactions for a molecular structure, estimate their manifestation, and suggest analytical methods for their study.

Literature -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

R: Principles and methods in supramolecular chemistry, Hans-Jörg Schneider, Anatoly Yatsimirsky, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2000

R: Molekulární design, Pavel Lhoták, Ivan Stibor, VŠCHT Praha, 1997

A: Analytical methods in supramolecular chemistry, Christoph Schalley, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2007

A: Binding Constants: The measurement of molecular complex stability, Kenneth A. Connors, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1987

Learning resources -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

Web: http://www.vscht.cz/anl/dolensky/supramol/index.html

Teaching methods -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

Lessons

Syllabus -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

1. Introduction: history, milestones, definition and concepts of supramolecular chemistry, host-guest chemistry, drug-substrate interactions, molecular recognition.

2. Supermolecules: characteristics of molecular complexes, definition of binding constants, binding energy; thermodynamics of complexation, Gibbs and Hemholtz energy, activation energy and volume; cooperation effect, affinity, selectivity, enthalpy-entropy compensation, solvophobic effect, close packing.

3. Intermolecular interactions: physical view on intermolecular interactions; ion-ion (Coulomb), ion-dipole/multipole, dipole-dipole (Keesom), multipoles, induced dipoles and their interactions with ion (Debye), dipole and induced dipole (London); van der Waals interactions.

4. Hydrogen bonds: definition and characteristics of classical (proper, conventional) hydrogen bond; red shift, blue shift and no-shift hydrogen bonds; non-classical hydrogen bonds, inverse hydrogen bond, dihydrogen bond; example of hydrogen bonds utilizations and examples from living organisms.

5. Halogen bonds: definition and characteristics of halogen bonds of chloro , bromo and iodocompounds; example of halogen bond in crystal engineering, drug-enzyme complexes, anesthetic effect; relationship to hydrogen bonds; special interactions of fluorocompounds.

6. Bonds of aromates: definition and characteristics of bonds related to aromatic parts of molecules; face to face (π π) interactions, parallel displacement and sandwich; face to edge (CH π) interactions, T and Y shape interactions; the roles in biological systems; molecular tweezers.

7. Cations: overview of functional groups and molecules for binding of cations, ionophores; cooperation effect, chelate effect, template effect, pre organization, complementarity; complexons, crownethers, cryptands, sferands, etc.; antibiotics, diseases connect with cations.

8. Anions and neutral molecules: overview of functional groups and molecules for binding of anions and neutral molecules, catapinands, clathrates.

9. Analytical methods: determination of binding constants; nuclear magnetic resonance, isothermal titration calorimetry, vapor pressure osmosis, chromatography, extraction, dialysis, infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, small angle light scattering, plasmon resonance, atomic force microscopy, etc.

10. Supramolecular technologies: self-assembly, artificial enzymes, molecular machines and devices, molecular reactors and flasks, etc.; relation to nanotechnology.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (29.01.2018)

The basics in organic and analytical chemistry

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
3 / 3 84 / 84
 
VŠCHT Praha