SubjectsSubjects(version: 875)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Solutions - M403011
Title: Fyzikální chemie vodných roztoků
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Chemistry (403)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Vrbka Pavel Dr. Ing.
Interchangeability : N403022
Annotation -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)
The course deals in detail with topics on thermodynamic description of aqueous systems. The course involves state behaviour and thermodynamic properties of water and description of intermolecular interactions in solutions in relations with the nature of solute (ions, non-dissociated molecules, gases) and condition (temperature, pressure, concentration). Mathematic modelling of thermodynamic and transport properties of aqueous solutions is demonstrated within the course. The emphasis is put on correct understanding of basic thermodynamic principles and their usage in laboratory and industrial applications.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)

Students will be able to

  • determine state behaviour of pure water and aqueous solutions and calculate their thermodynamic properties as functions of temperature, pressure and composition.
  • understand potentiality of up-to-date thermodynamic models for description and prediction of properties of aqueous solutions.
  • use the obtained knowledge in various field of chemistry (e.g. environmental, biochemistry, analytical chemistry, geochemistry)

Literature -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)

R: Atkins P.W., de Paula J., Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, 2010, 9780199543373

R: Franks F., Water, a Comprehensive Treatise: The physics and physical chemistry of water, (Vol. 1. Vol. 2, Vol. 3), Springer, 1995, 1975, 0306371812, 0306371820.

R: Robinson R.A., Stokes R.H., Electrolytes solutions, Dover Publishers, 2002, 0486422259

R: Fernandez-Prini R.J., Corti H. R., Japas M. L., High Temperature Aqueous Solutions. Thermodynamic Properties. CRC Press; 1991, 0849357608

R: Koryta J., Dvořák J., Kavan L.: Principles of Electrochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1993, 471938386

Learning resources -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)

http://www.lsbu.ac.uk/water/index2.html

Syllabus -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)

1. Water and aqueous solution (occurrence, significance for environment, structure, properties)

2. State behaviour and thermodynamic properties of water

3. Behaviour of water in critical locus

4. Transport and combined properties of water (viscosity, heat capacity, speed of sound)

5. Electrical and properties of water (ionic product of water, conductivity, relative permittivity)

6. Thermodynamics of aqueous solutions (units of composition, standard states, activity and osmotic coefficients)

7. Thermodynamics of aqueous solutions (volumetric and thermal properties)

8. Interaction between solutes and water (Born equation, structure of solutions)

9. Interactions between ions and activity coefficients

10. Standard thermodynamic properties (standard functions of formation, Helgeson model, theory of fluctuations)

11. Solubility in water (organic liquids, gases, non-electrolytes in electrolytes)

12. Phase equilibria (l-l, l-g, s-l, s-g) in wide ranges of temperature and pressure

13. Critical behaviour in mixtures and solutions

14. Diluted solutions in critical locus

Registration requirements -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (10.01.2018)

Physical Chemistry I, Physical Chemistry II

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Řehák Karel doc. Ing. CSc. (02.03.2018)

Acquiring credit (meeting the minimum requirements of the computational part)

The exam (comutational test + oral exam)

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 0,5 14
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
Účast na seminářích 0,5 14
4 / 4 112 / 112
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Examination test 75
Oral examination 25

 
VŠCHT Praha