SubjectsSubjects(version: 955)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Physic of Biosystems - M444001
Title: Fyzika biosystémů
Guaranteed by: Department of Physics and Measurement (444)
Faculty: Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Scholtz Vladimír doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Interchangeability : N444010
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
This course presents the physical point of view and the physical interpretation of chemical knowledges toughed in our university. In introduction, the brief overview of modern physics, the creation and evolution of Earth and life are given. Next, this course presents the application of mathematical knowledge for basic modeling of behavior of life organisms and other systems. It presents the physical interpretation of basic rules of thermodynamic and physical chemistry, biological membranes, diffusion, osmoses, surface tension etc. At the end, it presents interesting topics as biomechanics, biophysics of seeing and hearing, action potential, neurons and neural network, intelligence and artificial intelligence, radiation interaction with organisms, or physical methods of microbial decontamination.
Last update: Scholtz Vladimír (06.02.2018)
Aim of the course -

Student will be able to:

apply the laws of physics and mathematics to objects of wildlife and interpret the principles of physical processes in biological objects and the behavior of both biological and general systems.

Last update: Scholtz Vladimír (06.02.2018)
Literature -

R: Hrazdira I. a kol.: Biofyzika, Avicenum, Praha, 1983

R: Krempaský, J.: Synergetika, Slovenská technická uni­verzita Bratislava, 2001

A: Kulhánek P.: Moderní kosmologie, Hvězdárna Valašské Meziříčí, 2011,

A: Hrazdira I., Mornstein V., Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika, Neptun, 2001, ISBN 80-902896-1-4

A: Biophysics, Glaser R., Springer Verlag 2009, ISBN 3-540-67088-2

Last update: Scholtz Vladimír (27.04.2018)
Learning resources -

Last update: Pátková Vlasta (09.01.2018)
Teaching methods -

Lectures, seminars, laboratories.

Last update: Scholtz Vladimír (06.02.2018)
Syllabus -

1. Creation and formation of Universe, life and organic structures - possibilities and prepositions.

2. Evolution theory, evolution strategies. Behavior of biological, chemical and social systems.

3. One dimensional dynamic systems, mathematical models, examination, methods of approximative solution and estimation of behavior, application on biophysical systems.

4. Multidimensional dynamic systems, mathematical models, examination, methods of approximative solution and estimation of behavior, phase portrait, application on biophysical systems.

5. Thermodynamics of life: Principles of biochemical reactions, problem of entropy and information.

6. Boundaries and gradients: thermodynamic of transport, passive and active transport.

7. Morphology and function of several biological membranes for transport of material and energy.

8. Electrical characteristics of membranes, action potential.

9. Action potential of neural fibers. Neurons and neural networks. Intelligence and artificial intelligence.

10. Biomechanics: fractal biological structures, musculoskeletal system, hydromechanics, blood flow, flying.

11. Self-organization and creation of biological structures: formation of fractal structures, multicellular organisms, reaction-diffusion model of animal morphology (bacterial colonies, texture of shells).

12. Optics (geometrical optics, the human eye, defects and their correction).

13. Acoustics (organ of hearing, hearing theory, ultrasound).

14. Ionizing radiation. Consequence of the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter.

Last update: Scholtz Vladimír (06.02.2018)
Course completion requirements -

Seminars, laboratory tasks and final test.

Last update: Pátková Vlasta (09.01.2018)
Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Konzultace s vyučujícími 0.5 14
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
Účast na seminářích 0.5 14
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