SubjectsSubjects(version: 949)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Fundamentals of Biology - N240022
Title: Základy biologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Environmental Chemistry (240)
Faculty: Faculty of Environmental Technology
Actual: from 2021
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:3
E-Credits: winter s.:3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
For type:  
Guarantor: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D.
Is interchangeable with: AB240006, B240006
Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D. (26.02.2016)
The lecture focuses on general biological processes on cellular, organ, organism and population level. Introduction to all organism groups from non-cellular viruses through unicellular to multi-cellular organisms. Special emphasis is placed on the topics related to impact of toxic compounds and environment protection (as stress physiology, immune system, classic and molecular genetics, relations among organisms). Selected methods used in individual biological branches are also presented (e.g. genealogical method in classic genetics, DNA analysis and genetic engineering). The lecture is modified for students of non-biological lines.
Aim of the course -
Last update: TAJ240 (18.11.2013)

Students will be able to:

Describe basic structure and function of organelles, cells and organisms.

Understand principles of molecular biology.

Give basic information on stress and defensive reactions of organisms.

Find information on nomenclature and classification of organisms for their practical purposes (e.g. for Bc. or Diploma thesis).

Literature -
Last update: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D. (14.04.2016)

R: Alberts, B. a kol.,Základy buněčné biologie,Úvod do molekulární biologie buňky,Espero Publishing,Praha,2005,80-902906-0-4.

R: Kubišta, V.,Buněčné základy životních dějů,Scientia,Praha,1998,80-7183-109-3.

A: Rosypal, S. a kol.,Přehled biologie,Scientia,Praha,1994,80-85827-32-8.

A: Kimball,J.W., Biology (online),

Learning resources -
Last update: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D. (15.09.2017)

Electronic verses of lectures available on:

Syllabus -
Last update: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D. (07.12.2015)

1. Historical overview. Basic characteristics of organisms.

2. Structure of prokaryotic cells. Bacteria. Model organisms.

3. Structure of eukaryotic cells. Unicellular eukaryotic organisms.

4. Genetic information. Structure of DNA. Replication.

5. Structure and function of RNA. Proteosynthesis. Regulation of gene expression.

6. Selected methods of molecular biology. Viruses - structure and reproduction.

7. Reproduction and ontogenesis of organisms.

8. Principles on classical genetics.

9. Immune system of animals.

10. Stress physiology.

11. Plants - structure and basic classification. Model organisms.

12. Animals - structure and basic classification. Model organisms.

13. Fungi - structure and basic classification. Model organisms.

14. Selected chapters on evolution.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Mocová Klára Anna Mgr. Ph.D. (17.07.2013)


Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Konzultace s vyučujícími 0.1 2
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 1.9 54
3 / 3 84 / 84
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Examination test 50
Oral examination 50