SubjectsSubjects(version: 865)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Physical Chemistry of Polymeric Systems - P112003
Title: Fyzikální chemie polymerních soustav
Guaranteed by: Department of Polymers (112)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: both
Points: 0
E-Credits: 0
Examination process:
Hours per week, examination: 3/0 other [hours/week]
Capacity: winter:unlimited / unknown (unknown)
summer:unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: doctoral
Note: course is intended for doctoral students only
can be fulfilled in the future
you can enroll for the course in winter and in summer semester
Guarantor: Brožek Jiří prof. Ing. CSc.
Horský Jiří Ing. CSc.
Interchangeability : D112004
Z//Is interchangeable with: AP112003
Annotation -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (18.04.2018)
The course gives students deep and extensive understanding of physical chemistry of polymers. Standard two-parameter theory of polymer liquids is combined with a modern scaling approach. Students are instructed in principles and applications of modern experimental methods for physico-chemical characterization of advanced polymer systems
Aim of the course -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (18.04.2018)

Students will be able (i)to apply physical methods in advanced polymer system characterization, (ii) to select methods for the molar mass and its distribudion determination (iii) describe properties of polymer solutions

Literature -
Last update: Brožek Jiří prof. Ing. CSc. (17.08.2018)

(R) Elias H.G.: An Introduction to Polymer Science, Wiley - VCH, Weinheim, 1997, ISBN 928-3-527-28790-1.

(R) Sperling L.H.:Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, John Wiley and Sons, 2006, ISBN 13 978-0-471-70606-9.

(A) Munk P.: Introduction to Macromolecular Science, Wiley Interscience, 1989, ISBN 0-471-83212X.

(A) Rubinstein M., Colby R.H.: Polymer Physics, Oxford Univ. Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-1985-20597.

(A) Teraoka, I.: Polymer solutions : an introduction to physical properties. New York : Wiley-Interscience, 2002, ISBN 978-0-471-38929-3.

Learning resources -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (18.04.2018)

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, J. Wiley @ Sons (http://www.vscht.cz/pol/)

Syllabus -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (18.04.2018)

Molar mass and non-uniformity of polymers. Averages of molar mass and distribution functions. Relations to polymerization mechanisms.

Ideal and real polymer chains; characteristics of dimensions. Ideal chain models. Entropic elasticity of a polymer chain. Gibbs free energy of an ideal chain.

Dimensions of a real chain. Segment excluded volume. Mayer function. Expansion and collapse of a polymer coil in athermal and bad solvent. Polymer coil deformation - a tension blob.

Thermodynamic of polymer solutions. Polymer-solvent interactions. Flory-Huggins theory. Phase equilibria - spinodale, binodale, critical solution temperature. Osmotic pressure of dilute solution.

Concentration regimes of polymer solutions. Limiting concentrations of semidilute solution. Scaling theory, thermal and correlation blobs. Osmotic pressure of semidilute solution. Dimension of a polymer coil in concentrated solution and melt.

Elastic light scattering in polymer solution. Rayleigh scattering on small particles. Scattering in condense phase, concentration fluctuations. Scattering on medium sized particles, scattering vector, angle dependence of scattering intensity. Zimm diagram.

Elastic scattering of other radiation - neutrons and x-rays. Effect of a small wavelength on scattering vector and observed phenomena. Guiniere approximation.

Dynamic light scattering, photon correlation spectroscopy. Siegert relation. Radius of a hydrodynamically equivalent sphere. Z-average of diffusion coefficient. Programs - Contin and Repes. Measurement of Zeta-potential.

Macromolecular hydrodynamics and polymer dynamics. Gaussian chan. Rouse and Zimm models of polymer solutions. Flory-Fox theory. Mark-Houwink equation.

Non-newtonian behavior of polymer liquids. Aplicattion region of Rouse model for concentrated polymer solutions and melts. A reptation model of entangled solutions and melts.

Experimental methods for determination of molecular/mass distribution of polymers. Size exclusion chromatography., field-flow fractionation, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Advantages and limitation; application fields.

Branched polymers. Types of branching, hyperbranched polymers and dendrimers. Kramer theorem., radius of gyration of selected architectures, Contraction factors of hydrodynamic properties.

Gels, physical (thermoreversible) and chemical. Gel point, critical conversion, functionality of a branching point. Deformation and swelling of gel. Flory/Rehner equation. Solubility of crystalline polymer.

Weak and strong polyelectrolytes, extended Hendersson-Hasselbalch equation. Expansion of polyelectrolyte molecule; effect of ionic strength. Charge distribution , Poisson-Boltzman equation. Counter-ions condensation, Manning theory. Donnan equilibrium.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (18.04.2018)

Attend seminars and pass oral examination.

Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Regular attendance 20
Defense of an individual project 30
Oral examination 50

 
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