SubjectsSubjects(version: 898)
Course, academic year 2021/2022
Transport and Membrane Processes - P403007
Title: Transportní a membránové procesy
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Chemistry (403)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:0
E-Credits: summer s.:0
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1 other [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: doctoral
Note: course is intended for doctoral students only
can be fulfilled in the future
Guarantor: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D.
Izák Pavel Ing. Ph.D. DSc.
Interchangeability : D403007
Is interchangeable with: AP403007
Annotation -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)
The aim of the course is to introduce students to the physicochemical description of processes and phenomena occurring in membrane separation processes. The lectures will be focused on the physico-chemical description of the processes during their application to the different types of separation processes, i.e. I) pressure driven processes, II) gas and vapor separation and pervaporation, III) membrane distillation and electromembrane processes, and IV) other applications including medical applications. At first, students will be familiarized with the general theoretical description of transport processes (basics of linear irreversible thermodynamics and thermodynamics of open systems) and derived relationships will subsequently be applied. The students will also be familiarized with the membrane materials and methods their preparation and characterization. Finally, students will be introduced to the new trends in the field of materials research and industrial applications, including information on the practical aspects of scaling up and starting the operation of membrane processes.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

Students will be able to apply acquired knowledge in various contexts. New theoretical and practical information mentioned in the subject will help to understand the connections between physical chemistry, polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and industrial practice in the field of membrane separations.

Literature -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (04.09.2019)

R: Demirel Y., Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Elsevier 2007. 978444530790

R: Cussler E.L., Diffusion, Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems, Cambridge Univ. Press 1997. 521564778

R: Henley E.J., Seader J.D., Roper D.K., Separation Process Principles, John Wiley 2011. 9780470646113

A: Eckert E.R.G., Drake R.M, Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer, McGraw-Hill 1972. 070189250

A: Palatý Z. a kol., Membránové procesy, VŠCHT Praha 2012. 9788070808085

A: Mikulášek P. a kol., Tlakové membránové procesy, VŠCHT Praha 2013. 9788070808627

A: Šípek M. (editor), Membránové dělení plynů a par, VŠCHT Praha 2014. 9788070808641

R: Li. N.N., Fane A.G., Ho W.S., Matsuura T. (editors), Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications, John Wiley 2008. 9781118211540

A: Novák L. (editor), Elektromembránové procesy, VŠCHT Praha 2014. 9788070808658

R: Shenoy, A., Sheremet, M., Pop, I., Convective Flow and Heat Transfer from Wavy Surfaces Viscous Fluids, Porous Media, and Nanofluids, 1st Edition, CRC Press, 2016. 9781315367637

A: Current articles published in polymer and membrane science oriented journals

Learning resources -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

Students will receive all lectures (Powerpoint slides) via email.

Teaching methods -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

The subject will be taught in the form of lectures. All presented slides will be available after lectures. The information on the individual slide will be commented on and supplemented by a further explanation, including the relevant examples.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

An attendance at the lectures is not obligatory. But it will significantly help the successful completion of the calculation of the numerical examples for the credit or the passing of the oral exam.

Syllabus -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

1. Introduction to membrane processes.

2. Thermodynamics of open, closed and isolated systems.

3. Fundamentals of non-equilibrium thermodynamics (Saxen relations).

4. Equilibrium and continuity equations.

5. Diffusion in single- and multi-component systems.

6. Theoretical models of transport description.

7. Transport processes in electrolyte solutions (diffusion, migration and convection), Membrane equilibria (osmotic equilibrium, Donnan equilibrium).

8. Transport processes in porous and non-porous materials.

9. Transport processes in electromembrane processes and other membrane processes.

10. Permeation and sorption properties of polymeric membranes,

11. Surface and adsorption processes in membrane processes.

12. Membrane materials (division, preparation, characterization, modification, current development).

13. Application of membrane processes I.

14. Application of membrane processes II.

Entry requirements -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

Students should have previous experience and knowledge in the fields of Physical Chemistry, Mathematics, Chemical Engineering and basic knowledge of Polymer Chemistry.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

Lectures (closely or in part) follow the subject matter (Physical Chemistry, Mathematics, Chemical Engineering and basics of Polymer Chemistry). Their attendance significantly improves the understanding of the course.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Friess Karel prof. Ing. Ph.D. (14.09.2018)

Before passing a final oral exam, students must get a credit. Granting the credit is bound to the calculation of the given membrane processes inspired examples.