



Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (18.02.2019)
1. Physical quantities, International system of units (SI), vectors and scalars, description of motion 2. Basic concepts of mechanics I: Force, the Newton's laws, work, power, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy and linear momentum, elastic and inelastic collisions. 3. Basic concepts of mechanics II: Moment of inertia, torque, angular momentum. Work, power and energy in rotational motion. Rolling motion of rigid bodies. Static equilibrium conditions, center of gravity. 4. Continuum and fluid mechanics: Forces in continuum, deformation, Hooke's law. Hydrostatic pressure, Archimedes' law. Bernoulli's equation, real liquid flow. 5. Oscillations: undamped, damped and forced harmonic oscillations. Composed oscillations. 6. Waves: description, propagation velocity, intensity. Huygens principle, refraction and reflection, Snell law. Interference, standing waves. 7. Electrostatic field: Coulomb's law. Electric dipole. Potential, voltage, work. Capacitor, dielectric polarization. Charge motion in an electric field. 8. Direct current circuits: Ohm's law, Joule law. Kirchhoff's rules. Current, voltage and resistance measurements. 9. Magnetic field: Magnetic force. Mass spectrograph, electric measurement instruments, cyclotron, the Hall effect, BiotSavart law, Ampere's law. Magnetic fields in matter. 10. Electromagnetic field: electromagnetic induction, proper and mutual inductance. Electromagnetic waves, energy of electromagnetic field. 11. Alternating current circuits: Generator. Power. Impedance, phase shift, serial resonance circuit. 12. Wave optics: concept of light, interference, thin film, singleslit diffraction, diffraction grating, polarization, optical activity. 13. Geometric optics: Basic concepts, reflection and refraction, optical instruments: magnifying glass, microscope, telescope. 14. Basic concepts of modern physics: The photoelectric effect, Xrays, the particlewave duality, absorption, emission, laser. 