SubjectsSubjects(version: 898)
Course, academic year 2021/2022
Fundamentals od Human Physiology - B320016
Title: Základy fyziologie člověka
Guaranteed by: Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology (320)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:3
E-Credits: summer s.:3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: Bachelor's
Guarantor: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Interchangeability : N320082
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)
This course introduces to students the basic aspects of human anatomy and physiology. It describes the organ systems of our organism, their interconnection but also the evolution and ontogenesis. It serves as a foundation for the communication of our graduates with physicians and pharmacologists.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)

Students will:

  • know the basic terminology of human anatomy and physiology
  • understand the principles of main physiological processes: homeostasis, immune response, ontogenesis, regeneration.
  • comprehend the function of human organ systems
  • be exprienced in current biomedical topics

Literature -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)

Lékařská fyziologie, Otomar Kittnar, Grada 2011, ISBN: 978-80-247-3068-4

Atlas fyziologie člověka, Stefan Silbernagl,Agamemnon Despopoulos, Grada 2016, ISBN: 978-80-247-4271-7

Learning resources -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)


Syllabus -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)

1) Classification, evolution, ecology and ethology

Systematic classification, evolution, migration and ecology of man, social networks, sexual selection and risky behavior, thinking fast and slow.

2) Organization and internal environment

Hierarchical organization of the human body, organs and organ systems, tissues, body fluids, internal environment, homeostasis, adaptation, bioenergetics, basic principles of physiological regulations.

3) Cardiovascular system

Heart, vessels, lymphatic system, angiogenesis, blood, hematopoiesis, lungs, oxygen transmission, haemostasis.

4) Immune system

Leukocytes, natural and acquired immunity, antibodies, disease tolerance, race with pathogens.

5) Digestion and Nutrition

The digestive system, its regulation, the digestion of food, the basics of nutrition, intestinal bacteria.

6) Detoxification and metabolism

Liver, nutrient management, xenobiotics and detoxification mechanisms, kidneys, water and ions management, glomerular filtration and urine formation.

7) Skin and fat tissue

Skin and hair structure and function, wound healing, cosmetics, white and brown fat tissue, thermoregulation.

8) Nerves and senses

Structure of neuron and impulse transmission, reflex arc, peripheral and vegetative innervation, vision and eye, hearing, balance and ear, smell, taste, touch and other skin and mechanical receptors, pain.

9) Motion system

Bones, their construction and metabolism, joints, tendons, muscles - mechanism, regulation and energetics of muscle contraction, physiology of physical activity and sport, physiotherapy.

10) Central nervous system

Anatomy and physiology of the brain, conscious and subconscious functions, memory, learning, emotions.

11) Humor regulation

Glands with internal secretion, hormones, interactions and nervous regulation of the endocrine system, vegetative stress.

12) Reproductive system

Anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system of both sexes, germ cells, pregnancy, contraception, in vitro fertilization.

13) Ontogenesis and regeneration

Stem cells and differentiation, embryogenesis, child development, adolescence, gerontology, tissue replacement.

14) Biomedicine - the role of biochemistry in health care

Evidence-based medicine, epidemiology, principles of clinical studies, prevention and hygiene, the greatest achievements of medicine and the greatest contemporary challenges, personalized medicine.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)

Biochemistry, Biology

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Zelenka Jaroslav doc. Ing. Ph.D. (25.01.2018)

written test and oral examination

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
3 / 3 84 / 84