SubjectsSubjects(version: 877)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Physical chemistry of microworld - B403013
Title: Fyzikální chemie mikrosvěta
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Chemistry (403)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:6
E-Credits: summer s.:6
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type:  
Additional information:
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc.
Heyda Jan RNDr. Mgr. Ph.D.
Class: Předměty pro fyzikální chemii
Interchangeability : N403041
Annotation -
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)
In course Physical Chemistry I, phenomena were explained by the postulates of classical thermodynamics and the ideas of matter as a continuum. In contrast, in the Physical Chemistry of Microcosm phenomena are addressed form the viewpoint of the atomic theory represented mainly by the statistical thermodynamics and kinetic theory. This approach is indispensable for understanding nano and microobjects as well as polymers. A part of the lecture is devoted to expanding knowledge of classical physical chemistry (kinetics, chemical equilibria).
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)


How to solve moderately complex problems in chemical kinetics, electrochemistry and equilibria in ionic solutions.

Forces between molecules and the consequences for the behavior of micro-and nano-objects.

Fundamentals of the kinetic theory of gases.

Fundamentals of the physical chemistry of polymers and surfaces.

Literature -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (15.01.2018)

A: Atkins P.W., de Paula J., Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, 2010, 9780199543373

A: Rubinstein M., Colby R.H., Polymer physics, Oxford University Press, 2010, 978-0-19-852059-7

Learning resources -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (15.01.2018) (lectures and links)

Teaching methods -
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)

Lectures, homework (solved using a mathematical assistant as Maple), exercises (using Maple)

Syllabus -
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)

1. Formal chemical kinetics: simple and simultaneous reactions, catalysis.

2. Reaction mechanisms, chain reactions. Photochemical reactions.

3. Overview of classical thermodynamics: Gibbs energy and the direction of chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium, van't Hoff equation.

4. Chemical equilibrium – application: pH, weak acids and bases and their salts, buffers, slightly soluble salts.

5. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics: pressure of ideal gas and the interpretation of temperature, Boltzmann probability, entropy.

6. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics: transport properties, Fick's laws, diffusivity, electrical conductivity.

7. Kinetic theory of gases: basic concepts, Knudsen diffusion and effusion, other transport properties.

8. Electrochemistry: galvanic cells, Nernst equation; membranes and electrical phenomena.

9. Electrical phenomena in ionic solutions: electrical double layer, Debye-Hückel theory.

10. Thermodynamics of mixtures. Osmosis and other colligative properties.

11. Polymer physics: structure and description, ideal chain and its characteristics.

12. Polymer Physics: good, bad and theta solvent, Flory's Theory. Chain as a fractal.

13. Phase equilibria: equations of state, classification of phase transitions; Hildebrand and Flory-Huggins theory.

14. Surface tension, homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (15.01.2018)

Physical Chemistry I

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Řehák Karel doc. Ing. CSc. (02.03.2018)

Acquiring credit (meeting the minimum requirements of the computational part)

The exam test

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1,5 42
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 1,5 42
Práce na individuálním projektu 0,5 14
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 1,5 42
Účast na seminářích 1 28
6 / 6 168 / 168