SubjectsSubjects(version: 875)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
Characterization of Particles and Microstuctures - M107013
Title: Charakterizace částic a mikrostruktur
Guaranteed by: Department of Glass and Ceramics (107)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:5
E-Credits: winter s.:5
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: 10 / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min.
Interchangeability : N107025
Annotation -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (15.02.2018)
This course provides a comprehensive overview on the methods used for the characterization of particles, particle systems and microstructures of heterogeneous materials, including nanoparticles, nanocrystalline and nanoporous materials. In the first part parameters for the description of the size, shape and arrangement of particles, grains and pores in microstructures are defined and the statistics of small particles, grains and pores is explained, including quantiles, mean values, moments and moment ratios. In the second part the different methods for the characterization of particles, grains and pores are treated in some detail, from sedimentation methods, laser diffraction, dynamic light scattering, image analysis, X-ray diffraction, adsorption methods and mercury porosimetry to less popular methods for the characterization of particles and microstructures. A special focus of this course is the evaluation of planar sections of the microstructure using stereological relations and the use of integral transformations for the correction of the random section problem. In two lectures also sintering and disperse systems are briefly treated, including suspensions and nanofluids and methods for characterizing their electrokinetic behavior. The course is suitable for students of all fields of chemistry and materials science and engineering. It can be particularly recommended for everyone interested in characterizing systems of small particles or microstructures of heterogeneous materials.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Fialová Jana (04.01.2018)

Studenti budou umět:

Správně používat všechny koncepty související s velikostí a tvarem částic, zrn a pórů.

Správně interpretovat distribuce velikosti částic, zrn a pórů na základě statistiky malých částic.

Používat správnou terminologii při prezentaci výsledků a rozumět teoretickým základům běžných metod charakterizace částic a mikrostruktur do té míry, která je nezbytná pro plné pochopení moderní literatury.

Kvalifikovaně vybrat adekvátní metody charakterizace částic, částicových soustav a správně je používat.

Správně aplikovat stereologické vztahy a integrální transformace ke korekci problému nahodilých řezů.

Literature -
Last update: Fialová Jana (04.01.2018)

R - Allen T.: Particle Size Measurement (two volumes, fifth edition). Chapman & Hall, London 1997. (ISBN 0-412-75350-2).

R - van de Hulst H. C.: Light Scattering by Small Particles. Dover, New York 1981. (ISBN 0-486-64228-3).

R - Xu R.: Particle Characterization - Light Scattering Methods. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2000. (ISBN 1-4020-3-0357-9).

R - Gregg S. J., Sing K. S. W.: Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity (second edition). Academic Press, London 1982. (ISBN 0-12-300956-1).

R - Russ J. C., Dehoff R. T.: Practical Stereology (second edition). Kluwer Academic, New York 2000. (ISBN 0-306-46476-4).

Learning resources -
Last update: Fialová Jana (04.01.2018)

Pabst W., Gregorová E.: Characterization of particles and particle systems. VŠCHT Praha 2007 (accesssible via ).

Syllabus -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (15.02.2018)

1. Introduction (equivalent diameters and statistical measures of particle and nanoparticle size)

2. Size, shape and surface of particles and nanoparticles, grains and pores; fractals

3. Particle packing and sintering

4. Statistics of small particles I: Empirical distributions and statistical characteristics

5. Statistics of small particles II: Analytical distribution functions, moments, moment ratios

6. Sedimentation Analysis, suspensions, nanofluids and aerosols

7. Adsorption of gases and its use for the characterization of particles and porous materials

8. Laser diffraction I: Theory (from Maxwell theory to Mire theory, Fraunhofer, Rayleigh)

9. Laser diffraction II: Practical use and possibilities of applications

10. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) for nanoparticles and other methods for the characterization of particles and suspensions (ELS, OPC, ESA)

11. Stereological characterization of microstructures via microscopic image analysis

12. Determination of grain and pore size distributions, tomographic methods, Hildebrand-Ruegsegger local thickness measure

13. Grain size determination by X-ray diffraction and inclusion size determination by small-angle scattering (SAXS, SANS)

14. Mercury porosimetry and other methods for characterizing the microstructure of porous materials

Registration requirements -
Last update: Fialová Jana (04.01.2018)


Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (15.02.2018)

Podmínka zakončení předmětu je úspěšné absolvování zkouškového testu a ústní zkoušky.

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1,5 42
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 1,5 42
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
5 / 5 140 / 140
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Regular attendance 30
Examination test 30
Oral examination 40