SubjectsSubjects(version: 882)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
  
Energetic Use of Waste - M218012
Title: Energetické využití odpadů
Guaranteed by: Department of Power Engineering (218)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:3
E-Credits: winter s.:3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Pohořelý Michael doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Jeremiáš Michal Ing. Ph.D.
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)
Energetic use of wastes is a highly actual theme not only to the Czech energetics and heating industry, mostly because of the opportunities that will arise from a new prepared Czech waste act, which is in accordance with European legislative. The already announced ban on the disposal of municipal solid waste and of recyclable or usable wastes (valid from 2024) and the introduction of the sorting of biodegradable waste are only a commencement of several changes that will have to be implemented into waste-management industry, heating industry and energetics. The students will be introduced to current and new challenges of energetic use of waste and with available and promising technologies for effective thermal use of waste for (but not limited to) the cogeneration of electricity and heat.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

Students will be able to:

1) Rationalize the upcoming increased interest in the technologies of energetic use of wastes.

2) Evaluate actual state and possibilities of the use of different waste types with the emphasis on their energetic use.

3) Evaluate the possibilities of individual waste-to-energy technologies.

4) Thoroughly describe the technology and possibilities of waste-to-energy combustion plants.

Literature - Czech
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

[1] Marc J. Rogoff AND Francois Screve. Waste-to-energy technologies and project implementation. 2nd ed. Waltham, MA: William Andrew, 2011. ISBN 9781437778724.

[2] Stehlík P. Up-to-date waste-to-energy approach. New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016. ISBN 9783319154664.

[3] Syngellakis, S. Waste to energy. Southampton: WIT Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78466-060-4.

[4] Klinghoffer, Naomi B. a Marco J. Castaldi, ed. Waste to energy conversion technology. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing, 2013. Woodhead Publishing series in energy. ISBN 9780857090119.

[5] VDI 3459 Terminologie in der Energie- und Abfallwirtschaft (Terminology of waste treatment and energy management – Fundamentals)

[6] VDI 3460 Emissionsminderung; Thermische Abfallbehandlung (Emission control - Thermal waste treatment – Fundamentals)

[7] L. Lombardi, E. Carnevale and A. Corti, "A review of technologies and performances of thermal treatment systems for energy recovery from waste", Waste Manag., vol. 37, pp. 26–44, 2015.

[8] B. Leckner, "Process aspects in combustion and gasification Waste-to-Energy (WtE) units", Waste Manag., vol. 37, pp. 13–25, 2015.

[9] S. S. A. Syed-Hassan, Y. Wang, S. Hu, S. Su and J. Xiang, "Thermochemical processing of sewage sludge to energy and fuel: Fundamentals, challenges and considerations", Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 80, no. January, pp. 888–913, 2017.

[10] P. Stehlík, "Up-to-date technologies in waste to energy field", Rev. Chem. Eng., vol. 28, no. 4–6, pp. 223–242, 2012.

[11] M. J. Murer, H. Spliethoff, C. M. W. de Waal, S. Wilpshaar, B. Berkhout, M. A. J. van Berlo, O. Gohlke and J. J. E. Martin, "High efficient waste-to-energy in Amsterdam: getting ready for the next steps", Waste Manag. Res., vol. 29, no. 10_suppl, pp. S20–S29, 2011.

[12] M. Pavlas, M. Touš, P. Klimek and L. Bébar, "Waste incineration with production of clean and reliable energy", Clean Technol. Environ. Policy, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 595–605, 2011.

[13] A Buekens, H Huang, Comparative evaluation of techniques for controlling the formation and emission of chlorinated dioxins/furans in municipal waste incineration, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 62, Issue 1, 1998, Pages 1-33, ISSN 0304-3894.

Learning resources -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

Presentations available on the course website

Recommended scientific literature

Syllabus -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

1. Introduction to the Problematics of Energetic Use of Waste, Actual Statistics of Energetic Use of Waste

2. Concise Overview of Relevant Legislation, Classification and Methods of Characterization of Wastes, Mechanical-Biological-Physical Treatment of MSW

3. Waste as Fuel

4. Low-Temperature Processes for the Utilization of Biodegradable Wastes

5. Pyrolysis and Gasification of Wastes

6. Combustion of Separated Wastes and Refuse-Derived Fuel

7. Energetic Utilization of Sewage Sludge

8. Heating industry

9. Combustion of Wastes I – Technology Overview

10. Combustion of Wastes II – Flue Gas Cleaning

11. Combustion of Wastes III – Corrosion Issues

12. Combustion of Wastes IV – Excursion into WtE Plant Malešice (Prague)

13. Combustion of Wastes V – the Utilization of Fly Ash and Slag

14. Consultation

Entry requirements -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

Interest in waste problematics and in energetics.

Basic orientation in waste management.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

None

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Juklíčková Hana Ing. (29.01.2018)

Exam

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
3 / 3 84 / 84
 
VŠCHT Praha