SubjectsSubjects(version: 875)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
History of Chemistry and Materials - N107033
Title: Historie chemie a materiálů
Guaranteed by: Department of Glass and Ceramics (107)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Is provided by: B107007
For type:  
Guarantor: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min.
Interchangeability : B107007
Z//Is interchangeable with: B107007
Annotation -
Last update: VED107 (27.11.2013)
The course History of chemistry and materials is a rather broad introduction into the history of chemistry, chemical technology and materials technology from prehistoric times to the 20th century. The objective of this course is to provide the student with an integral overview of the development of current chemistry, which today encomprises - apart from inorganic, organic and physical chemistry - many fields related to materials science and technology (inorganic and organic).
Aim of the course -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)

Students will be able to:

assess the historical development of chemistry as a whole from the viewpoint of a chemist and apply this ability for a better and deeper understanding of the different subjects that will follow in the course of their studies.

use the knowlegde gained in this course as a basis for obtaining a more universal, university type, education and for broadening the horizon of common engineering courses, which may on the long run contribute to enhancing the social prestige of chemical professions in general.

recall the historical sequence of the most important discoveries and inventions and to understand roughly the overall historical development of the subject they are studying; after passing this course every student will dispose of a historical frame of his subject, and the most gifted ones will moreover be able to form their own standpoint concerning Kuhn’s theses on the structure of scientific revolutions with respect to chemistry.

Literature -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)

R - Hudson J.: The History of Chemistry. Macmillan, London 1992 (ISBN 0-333-53551-0).

R - Partington J. R.: A Short History of Chemistry. Dover, New York 1989. (ISBN 978-0-486-65977-0).

A - Engels S., Nowak A.: Chemické prvky - historie a současnost. SNTL, Praha 1977 (str.7-312, 344-355). (without ISBN)

A - Zyka J., Karpenko V.: Prvky očima minulosti. Práce, Praha 1984 (str.17-237). (nemá ISBN).

A - Kratochvíl M.: Cesty chemie - od atmou v molekule k nanotechnologiím. VUT Brno, Brno 2009 (ISBN 978-80-214-3630-5).

A - Strathern P.: Mendělejevův sen - putování po stopách prvků. Nakladatelství BB / art, Praha 2005 (ISBN 80-7341-543-7).

A - Kuhn T. S.: Struktura vědeckých revolucí. Oikoymenh, Praha 1997. (ISBN 80-86005-54-2)

A - Kužvart M.: Kámen ve službách civilizace. Academia, Praha 1990. (str. 11-22, 93-125, 131-153, 167-190.)

A - Chládek J., Nová I.: Porcelán kolem nás. SNTL, Praha 1991. (str. 9-35.)

A - Pleiner R., Kořan J., Kučera M., Vozár J.: Dějiny hutnictví železa v Československu - 1 Od nejstarších dob do průmylsové revoluce. Academia, Praha 1984. (str. 13-33.)

A - Drahotová O. (ed.): Historie sklářské výroby v českých zemích - I. díl (Od počátků do konce 19. století). Academia, Praha 2005. (str. 21-26.)

Learning resources -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)

Syllabus -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)

1. Prehistory and antiquity I: Materials and technology (stone, ceramics, metals, glass)

2. Prehistory and antiquity II: Materials and technology (salt, pigments, organic materials)

3. Ancient classics of natural philosophy and literature concerning chemistry and technology of materials

4. Alchemy and natural philosophy of Hellenistic times and the early Middle Ages (Hellenistic and Arabian phase)

5. Alchemy and natural philosophy of the high and late Middle Ages (Latin phase)

6. Iatrochemistry and last wave of Alchemy in the 16th and 17th century

7. Renaissance literature concerning materials and chemical technology

8. Phlogiston theory and pneumatic chemistry; development of technical chemistry and materials technology (metals, glass, ceramics) from the Middle Ages to the 18th century

9. Lavoisier’s revolution in chemistry and Kuhn’s theses on the structure of scientific revolutions; development of mineralogy and crystallography

10. Basic concepts of modern chemistry; development of chemical terminology and notation

11. Discovery of chemical elements after Lavoisier (up to the transuranium elements)

12. Thermodynamics, statistical physics and physical chemistry in the 19th century

13. Organic chemistry, chemical technology and materials technology in the 19th century

14. Milestones of chemistry and materials science in the 20th century; Nobel prizes

Registration requirements -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)


Course completion requirements -
Last update: Pabst Willi prof. Dr. Dipl. Min. (01.08.2013)

A first necessary condition for passing this course is an elaborated indiividual project consisting in a translation of approx. 4-8 pages from the foreign literature on the history of chemistry. This individual project will be evaluated by grade and represents 20 % of the final classification (mark). A second necessary condition for passing this course is the participation in at least 2 (out of 3) written classification tests, in which always the content of the preceding 4 lectures will be tested. Non-participation in more than one of these tests is automatically classified as "F" (failed), and the average of the 2 best test results represents 50 % of the final classification (mark). The oral exam at the end of the semester provides the remaining 30 % of the final classification (mark). In the case of 2 written exams better than "C" (50 % of the maximum number of points) the student is not obliged to make the oral exam, i.e. he / she may choose to skip the oral exam, in which case the average of the two best written exams will automatically be recognized as replacing the oral result.

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1,5 42
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 0,5 14
Práce na individuálním projektu 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
5 / 4 140 / 112
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Defense of an individual project 20
Continuous assessment of study performance and course -credit tests 50
Oral examination 30