SubjectsSubjects(version: 884)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Fundamentals of Physics - N444022
Title: Základy fyziky
Guaranteed by: Department of Physics and Measurement (444)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:4
E-Credits: winter s.:4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Is provided by: B444011
For type:  
Additional information:
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Hofmann Jaroslav doc. Ing. CSc.
Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr.
Vrňata Martin prof. Ing. Dr.
Is incompatible with: N444001, AB444003, B444003
Is interchangeable with: B444011
Annotation -
Last update: TAJ444 (16.12.2013)
The course is aimed at understanding the fundamental physical phenomena and the development of technical thinking. The laws of physics and physical principles that are essential for connecting objects in a bachelor study program are discussed and explained.
Aim of the course -
Last update: TAJ444 (16.12.2013)

Students will be able to:

Explain the essence of selected physical phenomena in the field of mechanics, oscillations and waves, optics, electricity and magnetism, modern physics

Apply physical laws in the study of related objects

Literature -
Last update: Fialová Jana (26.09.2013)

R: Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J., Fundamentals of Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 2005, ISBN 0-471-21643-7

Learning resources -
Last update: Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr. (16.07.2013) (in czech)

Teaching methods - Czech
Last update: Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr. (13.11.2012)

Přednášky a výpočetní semináře

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr. (16.07.2013)

Assessment: two written tests during semester; Exam: written and oral

Syllabus -
Last update: Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr. (16.07.2013)

1. Introduction: Physical quatities, The International System of Units.

2. Basic concepts of Mechanics I: Force, the Newton's laws, work, power, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy and linear momentum, elastic and inelastic collisions.

3. Basic concepts of Mechanics II: Moment of inertia, torque, angular momentum. Work, power and energy in rotational motion. Rolling motion of rigid bodies.

4. Fluid Mechanics: Hydrostatic presure, Archimedes' law. Bernoulli's equation.

5. Oscillations: undamped, damped and forced harmonic oscillations. Composed oscillations.

6. Waves: Description, propagation velocity, intensity. Huygen's principle, refraction and reflection, Snell's law. Interference, standing waves.

7. Wave optics: Concept of light, interference, thin film, sigle-slit diffraction, diffraction grating.

8. Geometric optics: Basic concepts, reflection and refraction.

9. Electrostatic field: Coulomb's law. Electric dipole. Potential, voltage, work. Capacitor, dielectric polarization. Charge motion in an electric field.

10. Direct current circuits: Ohm's law, Joule's law. Kirchhoff's rules. Current, voltage and resistance measurements.

11. Magnetic field: Magnetic force. Mass spectrograph, electric measurement instruments. Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law. Magnetic fields in matter.

12. Electromagnetic field: Electromagnetic induction, proper and mutual inductance.

13. Alternating current circuits: Generator. Power. Impedance, phase shift, serial resonance circuit.

14. Basic concepts of modern physics: The photoelectric effect, X-rays, X-ray diffraction.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Jirešová Jana Dr. Mgr. (16.07.2013)

Elementary Mathematics

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Konzultace s vyučujícími 0,3 7
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 0,7 20
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 1,5 42
Účast na seminářích 0,5 14
4 / 4 111 / 112
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Examination test 40
Continuous assessment of study performance and course -credit tests 20
Oral examination 40