SubjectsSubjects(version: 877)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Basic Physico-chemical Quantities and their Measurements - P403008
Title: Základní fyzikálně chemické veličiny a jejich měření
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Chemistry (403)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:0
E-Credits: summer s.:0
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1 other [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: doctoral
Additional information:
Note: course is intended for doctoral students only
can be fulfilled in the future
Guarantor: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Morávek Pavel Ing. Ph.D.
Interchangeability : D403008
Z//Is interchangeable with: AP403008
Annotation -
Last update: Matějka Pavel prof. Dr. RNDr. (03.09.2019)
This course for Ph.D. students provides the detailed overview on the principes of measurements of temperature, pressure, volume/density, thermal quantities, with emphasis on the methods for precise measurements of these quantities. Thus, the Ph.D. students will gain the knowledge of the precise measuring methods needed for the description of the thermodynamics of systems at the scientific level.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (20.05.2019)

Ph.D. students will:

1. know methods for the precise measurement of temperature (according to ITS-90), pressure, volume/density, and thermal properties,

2. be able to critically choose measuring methods for scientific and industrial applications,

3. know the pricniples of regulations and be able to propose and modify thermal regulation circuits.

Literature -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (06.09.2019)

R: Ivan Cibulka,Lubomír Hnědkovský,Vladimír Hynek: Základní fyzikálně-chemické veličiny a jejich měření. E-textbook (

R: McMillan, Gregory K.. (2011). Advanced Temperature Measurement and Control (2nd Edition). ISA. ISBN: 978193600-7387,

R: Hassan, Mohsen Abdel-Naeim El-Moneim, Ahmed Abd Hamada, Atef Gepreel, Mohamed Abdel Hady Shaalan, Nagih Hassanin, Ahmed Nakamura, Koichi. (2018). Recent Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. Retrieved from

A: Research articles published in the literature cited as sources during the course and in the E-textbook.

Learning resources -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (07.08.2018)

E-textbook : Ivan Cibulka,Lubomír Hnědkovský,Vladimír Hynek: Základní fyzikálně-chemické veličiny a jejich měření.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (20.05.2019)

Written test with the result of min. 50 points of 100 naximum. If failed then either the repetition of the test or the oral examination (upon the decision of a teacher).

Syllabus -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (20.05.2019)

1. Definition of temperature and its units, temperature scales, International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90).

2. Methods for the accurate measurements of temperature, resistance thermometers, thermocouples, etc., regulation of temperature.

3. Measurements of heat effects, calorimetry.

4. The concept of pressure, generation of pressures, pressure standards.

5. Measurement of pressure, mechanical and electrical transducers, generation and measurement of vacuum.

6. Direct methods for the PVT-measurements, pycnometry.

7. Indirect methods for the PVT-measurements, vibrating-tube densimeter, buoyancy methods, speed-of-sound methods.

8. Analysis of effects influencing density (temperature, pressure, sample purity), propagation of uncertainties, purification, evaluation of purity.

9. Practical exercises: triple point of water, extrapolation to the zero power, calibration of thermometers, calorimetric measurements.

10. Critical analysis and review of a method for the measurement of temperature, heat, pressure and/or density from a given/selected published paper.

11. Seminar - presentation of reviews of published papers. Discussion of the applicability of the methods to the tasks studied by the individual Ph.D. students.

Entry requirements -
Last update: Řehák Karel doc. Ing. CSc. (24.10.2018)

Bachelor courses on Physical chemistry, Anorganic chemistry I, Physics I.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Vopička Ondřej doc. Ing. Ph.D. (07.08.2018)

The exam test