SubjectsSubjects(version: 876)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Advanced Measurement Methods in Experimental Physics and Chemistry - P444009
Title: Pokročilé metody měření v experimentální fyzice a chemii
Guaranteed by: Department of Computing and Control Engineering (445)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: both
Points: 0
E-Credits: 0
Examination process:
Hours per week, examination: 3/0 other [hours/week]
Capacity: winter:unlimited / unknown (unknown)
summer:unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: doctoral
Note: you can enroll for the course in winter and in summer semester
Guarantor: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Z//Is interchangeable with: AP444009
Annotation -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)
The course focuses on highly accurate methods of measurement of physical quantities in extreme conditions of laboratory experiments. Students will be acquainted with methods of measurement of cryogenic temperatures, very low weights, exact time, low pressure, trace gas and vapor concentrations, electrical quantities and superconductivity, electromagnetic radiation, radioactivity and magnetic field.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)

Students will be able to:

Describe and measure experimental conditions in the laboratory and quantities influencing measurement accuracy.

Use advanced measuring instruments to measure high vacuum, electrical quantities, or ionizing radiation.

Describe and use a device for detection and analyzis of trace gas and vapor concentrations.

Literature -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)

B: Liptak B.G. a Venzel K.: Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook: Process Measurement and Analysis, Fifth Edition. CRC Press 2016, ISBN 9781466559325.

D: Webster J.G.: Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook. CRC Press 2014, ISBN 978-1-4398-4888-3.

Learning resources -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)

Education support for lectures:

Teaching methods -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)


Syllabus -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)

1. Measurement of experimental conditions in the laboratory: Quantities influencing measurement accuracy. General methods of pressure and temperature measurement, dataloggers. Influence of atmospheric composition on experiment, flow rate measurement and air humidity. Light intensity measurement, photometers, colorimeters. Vibration measurement, accelerometers. Noise measurement.

2. Humidity measurement in gases: Theoretical foundations, units. Psychrometers, optical and vibration hygrometers, use of adiabatic expansion, electrolytic sensors. Dilatation, resistive, capacitive hygrometers and resonance sensors. Spectral methods of humidity measurement (UV, VIS, IR, microwave area).

3. Humidity measurement in liquids and solids: Chemical methods, Karl Fisher titration, automatic titrators. Determination of moisture by drying. Thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis for moisture determination. Lyophilization. Separation methods (distillation, decantation, extraction, chromatography). Spectral methods. Conductivity methods and capacitance sensors. Microwave and neutron moderation method.

4. Weighing: Theoretical basics of weighing, units. Lever, spring, and torsion scales. Strain gauge, piezoelectric, magnetoelastic and induction scales. Optical and capacitive weight sensors. Microscales, silicon resonators and surface acoustic wave sensors. Use of atomic force microscopy in weighing of small weights. Hydraulic and pneumatic scales. Industrial scales.

5. Measurement of time, frequency and phase: Devices and electric circuits for frequency measurement. Counters. Oscillators. Atomic clock. Device time synchronization.

6. Vacuum apparatuses: Types and principle of vacuum pumps. Mechanical vacuum pumps (oil and oil-free rotary, turbomolecular, membrane and Roots). Diffusion pumps. Sorption and condensation pumps. Vacuum measurement. Leak detectors.

7. Instruments for measurement of electrical quantities: General instruments for measurement of electrical voltage, current and resistance (digital multimeters, ohmmeters). Electrometers. Oscilloscopes. Bridged Capacity and Induction Meters. Impedance analyzers. Function Generators. Amplifiers. Wattmetry. Connection and limits of use.

8. Methods of measurement of electrical quantities: Measurement of electrical charge (in volume, on surface, in space). Methods of measurement of electric current, inductance, capacitance and voltage. Measurement of electrical power.

9. Electrical conductivity measurement in solids: Two-point and four-point method. The Van der Pauw method. Superconductivity. Temperature measurement in cryogenic conditions.

10. Electromagnetic and magnetic field measurements: Electrical and magnetic field sensors. Optical EM field sensors. Wavelength measurement. Photodetectors, long-wavelength detectors. Hall's phenomenon and Hall's probe.

11. Measurement of ionizing radiation: Sources of radioactive radiation. Ionization detectors.

12. Surface characterization devices: Hardness measurement. Surface roughness measurement. Profilometers, atomic force microscopy. Optical methods for layer thickness measurement. Ellipsometry.

13. Instrument calibration: Apparatus for generating defined concentrations of gases and vapors.

14. Collection and processing of experimental data: Virtual instrumentation. Software equipment.

Entry requirements -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)


Registration requirements -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)


Course completion requirements -
Last update: Kopecký Dušan doc. Ing. Ph.D. (29.08.2018)

Oral exam