SubjectsSubjects(version: 861)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Molecular Biology - S319007
Title: Molecular Biology
Guaranteed by: Department of Biotechnology (319)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:3
E-Credits: winter s.:3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type:  
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Rumlová Michaela doc. Dr. Ing.
Interchangeability : N319007
Z//Is interchangeable with: N319007
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (27.07.2018)
The subject is devoted to the study of cellular processes at the molecular level and is conceived so that the students receive the basic knowledge for understanding the complex functioning of eukaryotic cells in multicellular organisms.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (27.07.2018)

Students of this course will understand the basic principles of eukaryotic cell functioning in multicellular organisms. Students will comprehend the structural and functional organization of eukaryotic cells, intracellular and vesicular transport of proteins to the organelles and their incorporation into biological membranes, basis of cell communication with the environment and signal transduction, cell cycle regulation, cell differentiation, programmed cell death, and integration of cells into tissues.

Literature -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (27.07.2018)

R: Lodish H.: Molecular cell biology, 5,6,7 nebo 8.vydání,ISBN (7.vyd.) 978-1-4292-3413-9

R: Alberts B.:Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5 nebo 6 vydání ISBN (6 vyd.): 978-0-8153-4464-3

Learning resources -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (27.07.2018)

http://eso.vscht.cz/

Syllabus
Last update: Rumlová Michaela doc. Dr. Ing. (27.09.2018)

1. Organization of eukaryotic cells and their integration into tissue, introduction to cytology and histology and molecular biology: eukaryotic cells organization: cell surface organization, cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions, cytoskeleton, cellular organels; types of tissue and their basic characterization: connective tissue, epithelial tissue, nervous tissue and muscle tissue

2. Regulation of protein function: protein folding: molecular chaperon and chaperonins; abnormally folded proteins, amyloid fibrils; protein degradation – ubiquitin-proteasom system; synthesis x degradation, mRNA degradation; modification of proteins: non-covalent modification: molecular switches, covalent modification: ubiquitinylation, phosphorylation, acetylation, glycosylation, S-S bridges formation, neddylation, sumoylation, methylation

3. Structure and function of biomembranes: main function of membrane proteins and their characteristic, type of membrane proteins function

4. Mechanisms of transmembrane transport of ions and small molecules: main function of membrane proteins and their characteristic, main classes of membrane proteins tranporting ions and small molecules: channels: mechanism of ion selectivity, movements of water: aquaporins; transporters: transport of glucose, type of GLUT proteins, mechanism of GLUT 1 transporter; ATP-powered pumps P-, V- and F-classes, mechanism of Na+/K+ ATPase, ABC proteins - flipases;

5. Moving proteins into membranes and organelles I: intracytoplasmic trafficking: targeting proteins to and across the ER membrane, protein quality control in ER, targeting to mitochondria, targeting to peroxisomes, transport in and out of the nucleus

6. Moving proteins into membranes and organelles II: Vesicular trafficking, secretion and endocytosis: mechanism of vesicle budding and fusion, early stages of the secretory pathway: retrograde and anterograde transport, later stages of the secretory pathway, targeting to the lysosomes, endocytosis

7. Signal transduction I: introduction to signal pathways, from extracellular signal to cellular response, signal transduction molecules: receptors, ligands, second messengers, monomeric and trimeric G-proteins, protein-kinases and phosphatases, adaptor molecules, G-protein-coupled receptors

8. Signal transduction II: signaling pathways controlling gene expression: receptor of tyrosine kinases, receptor of serine kinases, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, Ras/MAP kinase pathway, phosphoinositide signaling pathway, PI-3 kinase pathway, signaling pathway controlled by ubiquitinylation: Wnt, Hedgehog and NFkB, signaling pathway controlled by protein cleavage: Notch/Delta

9. Cytoskeleton I: components, microfilaments, G-actin and F-actin, dynamics of actin filaments, mechanism of actin filaments assembly, actin-binding proteins, organization of actin-based cellular structures, intracellular movements by regulation of actin polymerization, actin-based motors: myosins, principle of myosin-powered movements, contraction of skeletal and smooth muscles

10. Cytoskeleton II: microtubule structure and characteristics of tubulin; microtubule-organizing center (MTOC), microtubul structure and dynamics and their regulation

11. Cytoskeleton III: , microtubule-based motor proteins: kinesines and dyneins; the role of microtubules in mitosis, composition of mitotic spindle, kinetochores; intermediate filaments: classes, localization and function, coordination and cooperation of cytoskeleton elements

12. The eukaryotic cell cycle and its control: characteristics of individual stages of the cell cycle and its control points, cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases and ubiquitin-ligases and regulation of their activity, introduction to cell cycle regulation: restriction point, RB protein, E2F transcription factor, mitosis and its regulation, cytokinesis, meiosis

13. From the stem cells to cell death: early mammalian development and first differentiation events, embryonic stem cells, cell polarity mechanisms, asymmetric cell division, cell death and its regulation, programmed cell death – apoptosis, family of Bcl2 proteins and their characteristics, adapter proteins, apoptosome, caspase activation, apoptotic pathways and its regulation

14. Molecular biology of cancer: differences between normal and cancer cells, the origins and development of cancer, proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressors, cancer and misregulation of cell growth and cell death: growth factors, RB protein, p53 protein…., metastasis

Registration requirements -
Last update: Kubová Petra Ing. (27.07.2018)

Biology of the Cell; Molecular Genetics; Biochemistry

 
VŠCHT Praha