SubjectsSubjects(version: 877)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Physical Chemistry of Colloidal Systems - S403016
Title: Physical Chemistry of Colloidal Systems
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Chemistry (403)
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:7
E-Credits: winter s.:7
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
For type:  
Guarantor: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc.
Examination dates   Schedule   
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (26.09.2013)
This course extends the basic course Physical Chemistry I with focus on biological sciences. Covered are general laws governing behavior of systems from the molecular point of view as well as applications in biochemistry and colloidal chemistry.
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (16.09.2015)

Talks, exercises:

Atkins P.W., de Paula J., Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, 2010, 9780199543373

Physical chemistry in brief:

Teaching methods
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)

Lectures, exercises.

Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (08.02.2018)

1. Formal chemical kinetics: Concepts, simple and simultaneous reactions.

2. Reaction mechanisms, catalysis, enzyme kinetics (Michaelis–Menten), inhibition.

3. Equilibrium thermodynamics: Gibbs and Helmholtz functions, activity, chemical potential. Chemical equilibria, the direction of chemical reaction, simultaneous reactions.

4. Chemical equilibria in aqueuous solutions: pH, weak acids and bases and their salts, buffers, slightly soluble salts.

5. Statistical thermodynamics light: Pressure of ideal gas and the interpretation of temperature, Boltzmann probability, entropy.

6. Electrostatic phenomena in ionic solutions: Debye-Hückel theory, electrical double layer.

7. Electrochemistry: Galvanic cells, Nernst equation.

8. Thermodynamics of mixtures: Colligative properties, osmotic pressure.

9. Nonequilibrium thermodynamics: Transport properties, Fick's laws, diffusivity, electrical conductivity.

10. Interfaces: Surface and interface tension, wetting. Curved interfaces, nucleation.

11. Adsorption: Surface excess and Gibbs adsorption isotherm. Adsorption isotherms and models (Freundlich, Langmuir, BET).

12. Dispersion systems - classification: Colloid, sol, gel, foam, emulsion, aerosol; solutions of macromolecules; micelles, surface films. Rheology, optical properties.

13. Dispersion systems - phenomena: Forces between colloidal particles. Sedimentation, electrokinetic phenomena, zeta potential.

14. Stability of colloidal systems (DLVO theory).

Registration requirements
Last update: Kolafa Jiří prof. RNDr. CSc. (26.09.2013)

Physicial Chemistry I or equivalent

Mathematics I or equivalent