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Předmět, akademický rok 2023/2024
  
Greenhouse Gases Mitigation, CO2 Capture and Utilisation - AM216030
Anglický název: Greenhouse Gases Mitigation, CO2 Capture and Utilisation
Zajišťuje: Ústav udržitelných paliv a zelené chemie (228)
Fakulta: Fakulta technologie ochrany prostředí
Platnost: od 2023 do 2023
Semestr: zimní
Body: zimní s.:4
E-Kredity: zimní s.:4
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:3/0, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: neomezen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Úroveň:  
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Staf Marek Ing. Ph.D.
Sylabus - angličtina
1. Introduction to the issue of greenhouse gases and global climate change
Mechanism of the greenhouse effect

Overview of greenhouse gases and their groups

Physico-chemical properties of greenhouse gases

Historical climate evolution and future state scenarios

Energy balance in the atmosphere, radiative forcing and global warming potential

Climate theory

2. Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases
Overview of economic sectors contributing to GHG emissions

Emissions of individual GHGs from specific industrial processes (emitted quantity, description of technology etc.)

Evolution of emissions from individual processes in the past and their predictions for the future

Conditions and technical limits of GHG separation from the most important industrial and agricultural processes

3. Overview of the methods available to reduce GHG emissions
Reduction of emissions of individual greenhouse gases and their groups within various economic sectors

Classification of carbon dioxide separation processes according to their principle

Emission control methods proposed for combustion processes (pre-combustion, post-combustion and oxy-fuel)

4. Adsorption processes
Physico-chemical background of adsorption and adsorption theory

Properties of known and technically used adsorbents

Design and construction of the adsorption units (PSA, TSA, etc.)

Advantages, drawbacks and limitations of adsorption methods

Possibilities of chemical modification of adsorbents in order to improve their properties

5. Absorption processes
Physico-chemical fundaments of gas absorption in liquid solvents

"Classification and parameters of solvents suitable for the greenhouse gases separation

Design solution of absorbers"

Design and construction of absorbers

Advantages, drawbacks and limitations of absorption methods

Trends in the development of new solvents and absorption methods

6. Membrane separation
Physico-chemical fundaments of gas separation using membranes

Types of applicable membranes

Construction of membrane modules and their integration into the entire technology

Comparison of membrane processes parameters with other methods

Advantages and drawbacks of current membrane technologies and directions for further development

7. Biological and biochemical processes
Overview of biological and biochemical processes

Design and construction of bioreactors

Utilisation of produced biomass

Actual trends in the research and development of biological and biochemical approaches

8. Catalytic processes
Principle of catalytic processes

Reduction of nitrous oxide emissions as an example of the catalysis application

Overview of nitrous oxide formation (anthropogenic) besides the power industry sector

Nitrogen fertilizers production technology as the main source of industrial nitrous oxide emissions

Technical solution of special catalysts removing nitrous oxide emissions

9. High-temperature processes
Principle of high-temperature processes

Carbonate loop

Chemical looping combustion

Advantages of high-temperature processes and their shortcomings requiring further research and development

10. Carbon dioxide capture from open atmosphere
Carbon dioxide separation from the air compared with its capturing from flue gases and waste gases

Available technical solutions

Problems and limitations of methods proposed for removing carbon dioxide from the open atmosphere

11. Traffic-related emissions and approaches leading to their mitigation
Basic data on car, ship and air transport relative to the GHGs issue

Principle of operation of internal combustion engines

Automotive, marine and aviation fuels and their environmental aspects

Overview of emissions from internal combustion engines

Electromobility and hydrogen mobility: advantages, disadvantages and directions for further development

12. Long-term and permanent storage of captured carbon dioxide
Principles of long-term storage of carbon dioxide

Main types of possible carbon dioxide repositories

Treatment and transport of carbon dioxide before its storage

Technical solutions of the storage and monitoring process

13. Industrial utilisation of captured carbon dioxide
Overview of possible uses of captured carbon dioxide

Production of fuels and chemical compounds from carbon dioxide

The use of energy from renewable sources in the processing of CO2 into products and the power-to-gas concept

14. Summary and completion of the presented topics
Social and economic aspects of the economy decarbonization

The role of the international community in limiting greenhouse gases emissions

Repetition and completion of knowledge based on suggestions from students

Poslední úprava: Cibulková Jana (04.10.2022)
 
VŠCHT Praha