SubjectsSubjects(version: 877)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
  
Special Analysis of Fuels - M215004
Title: Speciální analýza paliv
Guaranteed by: Department of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels (215)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:5
E-Credits: winter s.:5
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Staš Martin Ing. Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)
The course will provide students with detailed information regarding the use of instrumental separation (chromatographic) and spectral (UV, FTIR, MS) techniques for the analysis of complex sample matrices. Attention is paid to general aspects of analysis of raw materials, fractions and products with which it is possible to meet in the processing, distrubution and use of fossil and renewable fuels (biofuels). Attention is also paid to the analysis of fuel contaminants in the environment.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)

Students will be able to:

Understand the wide range of separation and spectroscopy methods for chemical analysis of different types of complex hydrocarbon samples.

Propose a rational treatment process and final analysis of real fuel materials, fractions and products.

Identify the major components of complex hydrocarbon samples.

Literature -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)

A: Mostecky, J., Hala, S., Kuras, M., Popl, M.: Analysis of hydrocarbon raw materials, STNL/ALFA 1984.

Learning resources -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)

Pospisil. M: Special analysis of fuels, internal textbooks provided to students in electronic form

Syllabus -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)

1. Introduction - classification of analytical methods, qualitative and quantitative analysis.

2. Separation methods in the analysis (distillation, absorption, adsorption, extraction) - instrumentation, sample preparation and actual implementation, evaluation, examples

3. Chromatography - introduction, classification, basic terminology, qualitative and quantitative analysis, application depending on the type of sample.

4. Gas chromatography - columns, detectors and injectors, common configurations, preparation of samples for analysis, GC applications.

5. Liquid chromatography (HPLC, LSC, GPC) - operating conditions, instrumentation, LC detectors, sample preparation, LC applications.

6. UV, fluorimetry - principles, instrumentation, sample preparation, evaluation - quality/quantity, applications.

7. FTIR - principles, instrumentation, sample preparation, evaluation - quality/quantity, applications.

8. MS, NMR - principles, instrumentation, sample preparation, evaluation, applications.

9. Determination of metals and elements (AAS, AES, ICP, X-ray) - principles, advantages/disadvantages, instrumentation, sample preparation, evaluation, applications.

10. Thermal methods (DTA, TGA, DSC, pyrolysis) - principles, advantages/disadvantages, instrumentation, evaluation, applications.

11. Quality assessment of gaseous fuels - an overview of monitored parameters, choice of appropriate procedures for the sampling and analysis.

12. Quality assessment of petroleum fractions and products - an overview of monitored parameters, choice of appropriate analytical procedures.

13. Quality assessment of solid fuels and products of their processing - an overview of the parameters, choice of appropriate procedures for sampling and analysis.

14. Special trace analysis of selected pollutants (PAHs, PCBs, aldehydes, phenols, volatile organic compounds, sulfur-containing substances, organometallic compounds) - sampling, sample preparation, final analysis.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Pátková Vlasta (17.01.2018)

Organic Chemistry I, Analytical Chemistry I

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1,5 42
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 3,5 98
5 / 5 140 / 140
 
VŠCHT Praha