SubjectsSubjects(version: 947)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Plant Biochemistry and Physiology - M320011
Title: Biochemie a fyziologie rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology (320)
Faculty: Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:4
E-Credits: summer s.:4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
For type: Master's (post-Bachelor)
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc.
Interchangeability : N320035
This subject contains the following additional online materials
Annotation -
Last update: Hladíková Jana (13.12.2017)
The subject is aiming to understand the of basic differences between the metabolism of plants and other organisms, especialy in the field of energy exploitation, production abilities and response to stress. The goal is to prepare the students for effective exploitation of specific advantages of plants, ranging from food industry to environmental protection, including the use or detection of genetically modified plants. Photosynthesis is the key process for life on Earth, for that reason it is given a special block of lectures.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (24.01.2018)

Students will know:

how to increase the safety of food sources, to find a proper plant or combination of organisms for some particular application on biotechnology, decrease or influence the effects of stress on plants, design preparation or detection method for new genetically modified plants, understand interdependence of different biological methods of decontamination of the environment with the help of vegetation.

Literature -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (25.01.2018)

Buchanan B.B., Gruissem W., Jones R.L., Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants, American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, 2015

Voet D.,Voet J.G., Biochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2004, 0-471-39223-5

Kodíček M., Valentová O., Hynek R. Biochemie: chemický pohled na biologický svět. VŠCHT Praha 2015

Macková M., Dowling D., Macek T., Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation, Theoretical Background, Springer, Berlin, 2006, 978-1-4020-4952-1

Macek T., Kotrba P., Svatos A., Novakova M., Demnerova K., and Mackova M., Novel roles for genetically modified plants in environmental protection. Trends in Biotechnology 26, 146-152, (2008)

Vodrážka Z., Biochemie, Academia, 1996, 80-200-0600-1

Macek, T., Macková, M., Káš, J.: Exploitation of plants for the removal of organics in environmental remediation. Biotechnol. Advances (2000), 18 (1), 23-35

Kodíček M. Biochemické pojmy, výkladový slovník, VŠCHT Praha

Learning resources -
Last update: Hladíková Jana (13.12.2017)

Teaching methods -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (24.01.2018)

Participation at lectures, preparation and presentation of info concerning newest findings, preparation to and passing of the exam.

Syllabus -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (15.02.2018)

1. Introduction, characteristics of the course, evaluation. Specificities of plant metabolism, plant cell structure. Reviews prepared by students (prof. Macek)

2. Anatomy and morphology of plants, water regime (doc. Burketová)

3. Ontogenetic development, cultures in vitro, embryogenesis, plant regeneration, application in breeding and multiplication (prof. Macek)

4. Phytohormones , growth regulators and other physiologically active compounds in plants (prof. Macek)

5. Regulation of gene expression in plants and during their development, genes in organelles (Dr. Janda)

6. Photosynthesis, light and dark phase, CO2 fixation (prof. Macek)

7. Calvin cycle, C3, C4 a CAM plants, photorespiration (prof. Macek)

8. Metabolism of monosaccharides, polysaccharides and lipids (doc. Novotná)

9. Metabolism of nitrogen, sulphur in plants, nitrogen fixation and biosynthesis of amino acids (prof. Macek)

10. Secondary metabolism in plants (dr. Angelini)

11. Signal transduction and abiotic stress in plants (prof. Macek)

12. Biotic stress and mechanisms of plant resistance (doc. Burketová)

13. Gene transfer in plants, GMO, preparation of transgenic plants, application in biotechnology (prof. Macek)

14. Detoxication mechanisms in plants, herbicides, uptake and accumulation of toxic compounds, phytoremediation (prof. Macek)

Registration requirements -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (25.01.2018)



Course completion requirements -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (25.01.2018)

Active participation in lectures, written and oral part of exam

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1.5 42
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 0.7 20
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 1.8 50
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