SubjectsSubjects(version: 855)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Plant Biochemistry - N320035
Title: Biochemie rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology (320)
Actual: from 2013
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:3
E-Credits: summer s.:3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: 38 / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type:  
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc.
Is interchangeable with: M320011
Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: TAJ320 (11.12.2013)
The subject is aiming to understand the of basic differences between the metabolism of plants and other organisms, especialy in the field of energy exploitation, production abilities and response to stress. The goal is to prepare the students for effective exploitation of specific advantages of plants, ranging from food industry to environmental protection, including the use or detection of genetically modified plants. Photosynthesis is the key process for life on Earth, for that reason it is given a special block of lectures.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (21.08.2013)

Students will know:

how to find a proper plant or combination of organisms for some particular application on biotechnology, decrease or influence the effects of stress on plants, design preparation or detection method for new genetically modified plants, understand interdependence of different biological methods of decontamination of the environment with the help of vegetation.

Literature -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (25.01.2018)

R: Buchanan B.B., Gruissem W., Jones R.L., Biochemistry & molecular biology of plants, American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, 2015

R: Voet D.,Voet J.G., Biochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2004

R: Kodíček M., Valentová O., Hynek R. Biochemie: chemický pohled na biologický svět. VŠCHT Praha 2015

R: Macková M., Dowling D., Macek T., Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation, Theoretical Background, Springer, Berlin, 2006

A: Macek T., Kotrba P., Svatos A., Novakova M., Demnerova K., and Mackova M., Novel roles for genetically modified plants in environmental protection. Trends in Biotechnology 26, 146-152, (2008)

A: Vodrážka Z., Biochemie, Academia, 1996, 80-200-0600-1

A: Macek, T., Macková, M., Káš, J.: Exploitation of plants for the removal of organics in environmental remediation. Biotechnol. Advances (2000), 18 (1), 23-35

A: Kodíček M. Biochemické pojmy, výkladový slovník, VŠCHT Praha

Learning resources -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (21.08.2013)

www.scopus.com

http://apps.webofknowledge.com

http://www.phytosociety.org

Teaching methods -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (21.08.2013)

Participation at lectures, preparation to and passing of the exam.

Syllabus -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (21.08.2013)

1. Anatomy, cytology and physiology of plants (cell wall, membranes, organelles), uptake of nutrients, transport within the whole plant

2. Preparation and exploitation of explant cultures, callus, suspension, protoplasts, genetic studies, signal transduction, metabolite production, biotransformation, environmental studies, application in breeding and multiplication

3. Energy conversion, photosynthesis, respiration and photorespiration

4. Carbon metabolism (biosynthesis of sucrose, cellulose, starch, lignins, lipids etc.)

5. Metabolism of nitrogen, sulphur in plants

6. Main groups of hormones (auxins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid, gibberellins, brassinosteroids etc.), formation and degradation, effect of hormones and growth regulators

7. Receptors and signal transduction mediators (G-proteins, phospholipid pathway), protein kinases, signalling pathways of plant hormones

8. Biosynthesis of some important natural products in plants, importance of the so called secondary metabolites for plants and for relationships within the environment, effects on plants and Man

9. The genome of nucleus, plastids and mitochondria, organisation, expression, proteosynthesis and protein modification, targeting of protein transport

10. Gene transfer methods in plants, preparation of transgenic plants

11. Genetically modified plants, importance, risks, benefits and advantages

12. Abiotic stress (water deficit, increased salt concentration, cold, heat, oxidative stress), biotic stress, defence mechanisms in plants

13. Metabolisation of organic compounds, degradation, activation of promutagens, heavy metal accumulation, phytoremediation, rhizoremediation. Specific aspects of plant defence and protection, pesticides, herbicides

14. Senescence, programmed cell death, post-harvest changes, chlorophyl degradation

Registration requirements -
Last update: Macek Tomáš prof. Ing. CSc. (21.08.2013)

Biology

Biochemistry II

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 2 56
3 / 3 84 / 84
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Regular attendance 10
Examination test 60
Oral examination 30

 
VŠCHT Praha