SubjectsSubjects(version: 955)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
Sensors and Sensor Systems - M444008
Title: Senzory a senzorové systémy
Guaranteed by: Department of Physics and Measurement (444)
Faculty: Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Actual: from 2023
Semester: summer
Points: summer s.:5
E-Credits: summer s.:5
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/2, C+Ex [HT]
Extent per academic year: 2 [hours]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Vrňata Martin prof. Dr. Ing.
Interchangeability : N444019
Annotation -
The subject in the introductory part explains and specifies the basic terms in sensor area: sensor, sensor system, static and dynamic sensor parameters, minimizing of influence of interfering input quantities and basic rules for projecting sensor systems. The specific part is focused on piezoelectric, SAW, optical sensors and biosensors (detailed explanation of transducing mechanism, sensor architecture, application, detection limits etc.).
Last update: Vrňata Martin (26.04.2018)
Aim of the course -

The students will be able

to explain basic principles of detecting both physical and chemical quantities by sensors

to minimize both static and dynamic errors of sensors

to apply basic rules for designing sensor systems

to be skilled in piezoelectric sensors, SAWs, optical sensors and biosensors.

Last update: Vrňata Martin (26.04.2018)
Literature -

R: Janata J., Principles of Chemical Sensors, Amamzon, New York, 2009, 0387699309

R: Korotcenkov G., Chemical Sensors Comprehensive Sensor Technologies: Volume 4, Solid State Sensors, Momentum Press, New York, 1606502336

Last update: Vrňata Martin (26.04.2018)
Learning resources -


Last update: Vrňata Martin (26.04.2018)
Requirements to the exam -

Written test and oral discussion with satisfactory result.

All laboratory protocols completed.

Last update: Vrňata Martin (09.05.2018)
Syllabus -

1. Historical introduction, sensor terminology, classification of sensors for physical and chemical input quantities, transducing mechanisms in sensing

2. Static and dynamic parameters of sensors, general methods for testing sensor parameters

3. Sources of errors in measurement by sensors and methods of their minimizing, method of differential sensor, method of feedback sensor

4. Method of compensating sensor, connection of sensors into Wheatstone bridge, elimination of parasitic input quantities

5. Basic principles of sensor system architecture - measuring chain, topology of sensor network, conditions for connecting individual sensor into the system

6. Sensor arrays (electronic nose, electronic tongue) and their application for improving selectivity of detection process, mathematical processing of sensor signal (Principal Component Analysis, Cluster Analysis)

7. Introduction to physics of semiconductors - the most frequently applied materials of sensitive layers

8. Semiconductor gas sensors - operation principle, equivalent circuit, measuring modes

9. Piezoelectric sensors - operation principle, applications in measuring deformation, force, acceleration, moment of force and vibrations

10. SAW sensors - operation principle, sensor architecture, measurement of mechanical quantities, applications for detection of chemical substances

11. Sensors of residual pressure in vacuum systems (dilatation vacuometer, molecular vacuometer, Pirani gauge, Penning gauge)

12. Optical sensors I - basic facts from optoelectronics, electroluminiscence diodes, semiconductor lasers, optical fibers, wavegiudes, photoresistors, photodiodes

13. Optical sensors II - solar cells, optical grid sensors, photoelasticity, Moire effect

14. Biosensors - basic facts, biocatalytic and bioaffinity sensors, molecular recognition, biosensors for in-vivo and in-vitro detection

Last update: Vrňata Martin (26.04.2018)
Entry requirements -

Physics, Physical Chemistry, Fundamental Chemistry.

Last update: Vrňata Martin (09.05.2018)
Course completion requirements -
  • elaboration of written material dedicated to two assigned topics
  • discussion on these two topics with satisfactory result
  • elaboration of all laboratory protocols
Last update: Vrňata Martin (09.05.2018)
Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 3 84
Účast na seminářích 1 28
5 / 5 140 / 140