SubjectsSubjects(version: 853)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Atomic Spectroscopy - N402005
Title: Atomová spektroskopie
Guaranteed by: Department of Analytical Chemistry (402)
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
Points: winter s.:5
E-Credits: winter s.:5
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Extent per academic year: 2 [hours]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
Is provided by: M402001
For type:  
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc.
Is interchangeable with: M402001, AM402001
Annotation -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (15.09.2013)
In lectures, students learn about modern methods of trace element analysis based on the principles of atomic spectroscopy. Introductory part of the course is devoted to theoretical principles, the structure of the atom, energy transitions in the electron shell of atoms and basic structural elements used in atomic spectroscopy. The main part of the course comprises atomic absorption spectroscopy, which is currently the most widely used technique of elemental analysis. Students learn the used radiation sources, methods of atomization interference correction methods and some special approaches to the analysis (generation of volatile compounds, electrolytic deposition of analyte). Another series of lectures is devoted to emission spectral analysis, students will learn various methods of excitation spectra, such as spark, arc, glow discharge, plasma and laser. Attention is also paid to the atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, the X-ray, electron and mass spectroscopy. In the lectures on applications, students get acquainted with work in the trace lab, use of coupled techniques for speciation analysis, the methods of preparation of various types of samples (water, biological materials, ores and rocks) and the possibilities of using atomic spectroscopy techniques for in situ analysis. In the laboratory, students learn the practical application of some of these techniques (different types of atomic absorption spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy) for elemental analysis of major and trace amounts of elemets in rocks. Samples collected in areas Inter-university underground laboratory Josef Will be analyzed.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (15.09.2013)

Students completing the course will acquire theoretical and practical knowledge of the methods of elemental analysis using optical spectroscopy (absorption, emission and fluorescence), X-ray spectrometry and mass spectrometry. They will be familiar with the various methods of sample preparation and problems of cleanness in trace laboratory.

Literature -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (20.02.2018)

R: Cullen M.: Atomic Spectroscopy in Elemental Analysis, Blackwell, ISBN 1-84127-333-3

R: José A.C. Broekaert: Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas, Wiley, ISBN 978-3-527-31282-5

Skripta (in Czech): Černohorský T., Jandera P.: Atomová spektroskopie, Univerzita Pardubice 1997. ISBN 80-7194-114-X

R: Ebdon L., Evans E.H., Fisher A.S., Hill S.J.: An Introduction to Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. Willey 1998, ISBN 978-0-471-97418-5

Learning resources -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (03.09.2013)

http://web.vscht.cz/~koplikr/Atomov%c3%a1%20%20spektrometrie.pdf

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (15.09.2013)

Passing labs and acknowledgement of protocols by assistant professor.

An oral examination.

Student can use only two reparative terms.

Syllabus -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (10.04.2018)

1. Structure of atoms.

2. Interaction of electrons and electromagnetic radiation, width and intensity of spectral lines.

3. Fundamentals of optics, construction of monochromators and polychromators, construction of radiation detectors.

4. Atomic absorption spectrometry, basic instrumentation - radiation sources, atomizers.

5. Atomic absorption spectrometry: interference and background correction, signal optimization and processing.

6. Atomic absorption spectrometry: special techniques - hydride generation, mercury determination, electrodeposition.

7. Atomic fluorescence spectrometry.

8. Flame emission spectrometry, spectrometry with electric arc and spark excitation, rotating electrode spectroscopy, spectroscopy with glow discharge.

9. Inductively coupled and DC plasma optical emission spectrometry, LIBS

10. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry: basic instrumentation - ion optics, ion filters and detectors.

11. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry: interference and methods of their elimination; special techniques - laser ablation, analysis of nanoparticles, connection with electrothermal evaporation.

12. Hyphenated techniques in speciation analysis of trace elements.

13. X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

14. Preparation of samples for elemental trace analysis, principles of work in a trace laboratory.

Registration requirements -
Last update: Mestek Oto prof. Ing. CSc. (03.09.2013)

Basic knowledge of analytical chemistry

Teaching methods
Activity Credits Hours
Konzultace s vyučujícími 0,5 14
Účast v laboratořích (na exkurzi nebo praxi) 1 28
Účast na přednáškách 1 28
Příprava na přednášky, semináře, laboratoře, exkurzi nebo praxi 1 28
Příprava na zkoušku a její absolvování 1,5 42
5 / 5 140 / 140
Coursework assessment
Form Significance
Report from individual projects 50
Oral examination 50

 
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