PředmětyPředměty(verze: 853)
Předmět, akademický rok 2019/2020
  
Organic Synthesis - S110012
Anglický název: Organic Synthesis
Zajišťuje: Ústav organické chemie (110)
Platnost: od 2019
Semestr: zimní
Body: zimní s.:7
E-Kredity: zimní s.:7
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:3/2 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Úroveň:  
Je zajišťováno předmětem: AM110003
Pro druh:  
Garant: Svoboda Jiří prof. Ing. CSc.
Sylabus
Poslední úprava: KNOBLOCL (12.03.2012)

1. Reduction. Catalytic hydrogenation, reduction of multiple bonds.

2. Reduction of functional groups, hydrogenolytic reactions.

3. Oxidation of a non-functional and functional carbon atom, hydroxylation, oxidation leading to carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acids. Oxidation of O, N, and S-functional groups, oxidative decarboxylation.

4. Halogenation. Addition and substitution reactions. Substitution of halogenes, O- and N-derivatives.

5. Alkylation a acylation reactions. Nucleophilic substitution, nucleophilic and alkylation reagents, PTC-catalysis.

6. Alkylation of heteroatoms, alkylation of C-acids. Base catalyzed aldolisation reactions. The Wittig and related reactions.

7. Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, halomethylation, formylation.

8. Nitration and nitrosation. Application for the synthesis of nitro and nitroso compounds. Sulfonation of aliphatic and aromatic compounds.

9. Formation and reactivity of diazonium salts. Diazotation, substitution of the diazo group, coupling reactions.

10. Formation of organometallic compounds.

11. Aplication of organometallic compounds.

12. Elimination reactions. Mechanisms, dehydration, deoxygenations, elimination of N-, S-groups, halogenes, decarboxylation, extrusion.

13. Functional derivatives of carbonyl and carboxylic group. Acetals, nitrogen derivatives. Formation of functional derivatives of carboxylic acids.

14. Principles of protection in organic synthesis. Protection of OH, CO, NH2 and COOH.

 
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